## PE6303 - FLUID MECHANICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PE6303

FLUID MECHANICS

LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
To impart to the students knowledge on fluid properties, fluid statics, dynamic characteristics for through pipes and porous medium, flow measurement and fluid machineries

UNIT I

9

The concept of fluid, the fluid as a continuum physical and thermodynamic properties – basic laws – Newtorian and non-newtorian fluids – flow patterns – Velocity field – streamlines and stream tubes – vorticity and irrotationality. The principle of dimensional hormogeneity – dimensional analysis, the Pi-theorems. Similitude – use of dimensional analysis for scale up studies.

UNIT II

9

Pressure and Pressure gradient – equilibrium of fluid element – hydrostatic pressure distributions – application to manometry – mass, energy and momentum balances – continuity equation, equation of motion, Navier – stokes equation and Bernoullis theorem.

UNIT III

9

Reynold’s number regimes, flow through pipes – head loss, friction factor, minor losses in pipe systems and multiple pipe systems – boundary layer concepts, drag forces on solid particles in fluids – flow through fixed and fluidized beds.

UNIT IV

9

Constant and variable head meters – pipes, fittings and valves, classification of pumps – performance, curves – compressors and its efficiency. Introduction to compressible flow, comparison of adiabatic and isothermal flow of gases.

UNIT V

9

Fluid dynamics in Porous Media – Hydrostatic pressure and geothermal gradients. Porosity – permeability relationships and rock microstructure. Diffusivity equation steady state, pseudo- steady state and transfer flow Radial flow and well models. Skin, partial penetration and well productivity index. Horizontal wells. Gas flow and Klinkenberg effect.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: On completion of this course, the students would have knowledge on
• Fluid properties, their characteristics while static and during flow through ducts, pipes and porous medium.
• Several machineries used to transport the fluid and their performance.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Neol de Nevers, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers.” II Edition, Mc.Graw Hill (1991).
2. James O.Wilkes and Stacy G.Bikes, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers” Prentice Hall PTR (International Series in Chemical Engineering) – (1999).
3. Mc.Cabe W.L.Smith, J.C and Harriot..P “Unit operations in Chemical Engineering”, Mc.Graw Hill, V Edition, 2001.

REFERENCES
1. White F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, IV Edition, Mc.Graw – Hill Inc. 1999.
2. Darby, R. “Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics” Marcel Decker, 1998.