PL6505 - PLASTICS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY – I (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PL6505 - PLASTICS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY – I (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University





OBJECTIVES: To enable the students
• To understand the various processing techniques of plastic materials.
• To learn the fundamentals and compression molding and transfer molding of thermoset plastics.
• To learn the basic processing of thermoplastics by injection molding, extrusion and blow moulding.




Basic principles of processing - shape and size – Effect of polymer property and processing – Newtonion ands Non-Newtonion fluids - Rheology of polymer melts.




Fundamental principles-Meaning of terms-Bulk factor and flow properties as applied to moulding materials-The methods adopted for estimating these properties and their limitations Process variables-Inter relation between flow properties-Curing time-Mould temperature and Pressure requirements-Preforms and preheating-Techniques of preheating-Machines used-Common moulding faults and their correction-Finishing of mouldings. Fundamental principles of transfer moulding-advantages over compression moulding- Equipment used-Press capacity-Integral moulds and auxiliary ram moulds-Moulding cycles-Tool costs- Moulding tolerances-Materials Theoretical calculation of pressures- Line pressures- Injection ram pressure-clamping-Heating requirements-Finishing of moulded parts—Moulding faults - causes and remedies.




Principles processing outline - Process variables - Mould cycle - Machinery used – Parts and functions –Specifications - Construction and maintenance - Start-up and shut down procedures - Cylinder nozzles - Press capacity projected area -Shot weight Basic theoretical concepts and their relationship to processing - Interaction of moulding process aspect effects in quoted variables - Introduction to trouble shooting.




Basic principles of extrusion – Types of extruders, general features of extruders viz. barrel, screw, types of screws, drive mechanism, specifications, heating & cooling systems, flow mechanism, die entry effects and exit instabilities. Melt fracture & Bam- booing. Factors affecting the output of an extruder, process variables in extrusion Extrusion processes and the downstream equipments for the production of films, blown film, cast film/slot film, BO film, co extruded film. Tube/pipe-sizing take off equipment, extrusion coating, wire & cable covering – pre treatment of conductor, cooling, takeoff equipment constructional features of dies for the above processes and trouble shooting. Applications of extrusion and new developments.




Basic principles and definitions- Processer – viz, Injection Blow moulding, extrusion blow moulding, Accumulation blow moulding, Merits & Demerits - Development of blow moulding industry Processing Parameters-Temperature-Pressure and cycle time Components – Materials requirements related to process and product performance- Materials used-Limitations in product design presented by process characteristics- Design guide lines for optimum product performance and appearance-Equipment used- Hand and power operated equipment. Screw and Plunger Systems-Cross head and die design-Blow moulding machine features and operation including hydraulic and electrical control systems-faults, causes and remedies. Parison programming, blow mould construction, cooling methods, mould venting, blow moulding of difficult articles like fuel tanks, odd shaped containers with handles, limitation in blow moulding, decoration of blow moulding products, hot stamping-multi colour printing-faults, causes and remedies.


On completing this course, the students would acquire the knowledge of processing of plastic materials by injection moulding, extrusion, and blow moulding. and also the other processing techniques like compression molding and transfer moulding of thermoset plastics.

1. Allen; W. S. and Baker; P. N., Hand Book of Plastic Technology, Volume-1, Plastic Processing Operations [Injection, Compression, Transfer, Blow Molding], CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi (2004).Injection Molding Theory & Practice By Rubin, Irvin.
2. Injection Molding Hand Book By Rusto, D.V & Rosato, D.V Plastic Engineering Hand Book & D – 5 By Society of Plastic Industry Inc.
3. Plastics Material & Processing By Strong, A, Brent ,Blow Molding Hand Book By Rosato, D.V & Rosato, D.V ,Plastic Extrusion Technology By Hensen.
4. Extrusion of Plastics By Fisher
5. Plastics Extrusion Technology By Grief
6. Plastic Engineering Hand Book By S P I
7. Plastics Extrusion Technology By Henson

1. A Guide to Injection Molding of Plastics By Bolur, P.C.
2. Development in Injection Molding By Whelan, A & Craft, J.L.
3. Technician’s Hand Book & Plastics By Grandilli, P.A.
4. Plastics Materials & Processing By Schwartz & Goodman.
5. Injection Molding By Athalye, A.S.
6. Injection Molding Technology By V.D.I.
7. Innovation in Polymer Processing By Stevenson.
8. Extrusion The definitive Processing Guide and Hand Book By Giles, H.H & Others.
9. Compression Molding By Iyesew, A.I.
10. Polymer Extrusion By Rauwedaal, Chris.
11. Thermoforming By James & Throne.
12. Basic Principle of rotational molding By Crawford, R.J & Throne, J.L.
13. Basic Principle of Rotational Molding By Bruins.
14. Basic Principle of Thermoforming By Brycle, D.M.
15. Plastics Injection Molding By Brycle, D.M.
16. Injection molding of Plastics component By Bown John.
17. Plastics forming By Beadle.
18. Plastics Forming By Figher.
19. Calendering of Plastics By Elden & Swan..
20. Welding of Plastics By New Man Plastics Technology MchrawBy Milby.
21. Allen; W. S. and Baker; P. N., Hand Book of Plastic Technology, Volume-1, Plastic Processing Operations [Injection, Compression, Transfer, Blow Molding], CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi (2004).
22. Bikales; Norbert M., Extrusion and other Plastics Operations—Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology Reprints, John Wiley and Sons Inc., (1971).
23. Fenner; Roger T., Principles of Polymer Processing, The MacMillan Press Ltd., London (1979).
24. Micheli; Walter, Plastics Processing: An Introduction, Hanser Publishers, Munich (1995).


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