AI6801 - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

AI6801 - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

AI6801

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To study the importance of sustainable agriculture for the growing population, various resources required and their sustainability.
• Importance of science, food security and ecological balance.

UNIT I

LAND RESOURCE AND ITS SUSTAINABILITY

9

Land Resources of India, Population and land, Land utilization, Net Area Sown, changes in cropping pattern, land degradation.

UNIT II

WATER RESOURCE AND ITS SUSTAINABILITY

9

Rainfall forecasting - Adequacy of Rainfall for crop growth – Rainfall, Drought and production instability – Irrigation potential – Available, created and utilized – River basins; Watersheds and Utilizable surface water – Utilizable water in future (Ground water & Surface water)


UNIT III

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE & ORGANIC FARMING

9

Agro-ecosystems - Impact of climate change on Agriculture, Effect on crop yield, effect on Soil fertility – Food grain production at State Level – Indicators of Sustainable food availability – Indicators of food production sustenance – Natural farming principles – Sustainability in rainfed farming – organic farming – principles and practices.

UNIT IV

FOOD PRODUCTION AND FOOD SECURITY

9

Performance of Major Food Crops over the past decades – trends in food production – Decline in total factor productivity growth – Demand and supply projections – Impact of market force – Rural Land Market – Emerging Water market – Vertical farming - Sustainable food security indicators and index – Indicator of sustainability of food Security – Path to sustainable development.

UNIT V

POLICES AND PROGRAMMES FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

9

Food and Crop Production polices – Agricultural credit Policy – Crop insurance –Policies of Natural Resources Use – Policies for sustainable Livelihoods – Virtual water and trade - Sustainable food Security Action Plan.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:
• Upon completion of this course, the students will gain knowledge on the need for sustainable agriculture
• They will be able to comprehend the need for food security on global level and the Nutritional Security.
• The students will be able to demonstrate how ecological balance is required for sustainability of agriculture.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. M.S.Swaminathan, Science and sustainable food security, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 2010.
2. B.K.Desai and Pujari, B.T. Sustainable Agriculture : A vision for future, New India Publishing Agency, New Delhi, 2007.

REFERENCES:
1. Swarna S.Vepa etal., Atlas of the sustainability of food security. MSSRF, Chennai, 2004. 2. Sithamparanathan, J., Rengasamy, A., Arunachalam, N. Ecosystem principles and sustainable agriculture, Scitech Publications, Chennai, 1999.
3. Tanji, K. K., and Yaron, B. Management of water use in agriculture, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1994.

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