## PC6402 - ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PC6402

ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

LTPC

3104

OBJECTIVE:
Students will learn PVT behaviour of fluids, laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic property relations and their application to fluid flow, power generation and refrigeration processes.

UNIT I

ZEROTH AND FIRST LAWS, PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES

9

Definitions and Concepts. Property, Thermodynamic State. Equilibrium, Energy, Work. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Temperature Scale. Pure substance, Phase, Simple compressible substance, Ideal gas Equation of State, Law of corresponding states, Compressibility chart, Pressure –Volume and Temperature-volume Phase diagrams. Mollier diagram. First Law of Thermodynamics and its consequences.

UNIT II

APPLICATION OF I LAW TO STEADY - STATE PROCESSES, II LAW

9

Application of I Law of Thermodynamics for Flow Process. Steady-state processes. II Law of Thermodynamics and its Applications: Limitations of the I Law of Thermodynamics, Heat Engine, Heat Pump/Refrigerator II Law of Thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements. Reversible and irreversible processes,Criterion of reversibility, Carnot cycle and Carnot principles, Thermodynamic Temperature scale, Clausius inequality, Entropy.

UNIT III

POWER CYCLES, THERMODYNAMIC POTENTIALS, EQUILIBRIA AND STABILITY

9

Power and Refrigeration Cycles. Thermodynamic Potentials. Maxwell relations. Thermodynamic relations. Equilibria and stability. Maxwell construction, Gibbs Phase Rule. Clapeyron equation and vapor pressure correlations.

UNIT IV

PROPERTIES OF PURE COMPONENTS AND MIXTURES

9

Pure component properties: Equation of state. Ideal gas heat capacities, fundamental equations from experimental data, fugacity and corresponding states. Mixture Properties: Mixing function. Gibbs-Duhem relation for mixtures, partial molar quantities. Ideal gas mixtures and fugacities, ideal mixtures and activities, excess functions. Gibbs free energy models, infinite dilution properties. Henry’s Law

UNIT V

PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND CHEMICAL REACTION EQUILIBRIA

9

Phase Equilibira of Mixtures. Osmotic pressure and Osmotic coefficients. Boiling point elevation and freezing point depression. Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Reaction extent and Independent reactions. Equilibrium criteria and equilibrium constant. Standard enthalpies and Gibbs free energy, temperature and pressure effects on reactions, heterogeneous reaction, multiple chemical reactions

TOTAL (L : 45 + T : 15) : 60 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
Understand the terminology associated with engineering thermodynamics. Understand the concepts of heat, work and energy conversion, and can calculate heat and work quantities for industrial processes.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Sonntag, Borgnakke, Van Wylen, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 7th Edition, Wiley India, New Delhi, 2009.
2. Smith, van Ness and Abbott, “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, 7th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 2005.

REFERENCES:
1. S. I. Sandler, Chemical, Biochemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, Wiley New York, 2006
2. Y V C Rao, “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, Universities Press, Hyderabad 2005.
3. Pradeep ahuja,” Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, PHI Learning Ltd (2009).
4. Gopinath Halder,” Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, PHI Learning Ltd (2009).