PC8071 - SAFETY IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PC8071 - SAFETY IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PC8071

SAFETY IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
• This course would expose the students to identify and assess hazard in any stage of operation, to quantify and manage them as well in chemical industries.

UNIT I

SAFETY IN PROCESS DESIGN AND PRESSURE SYSTEM DESIGN

9

Design process, conceptual design and detail design, assessment, inherently safer design- chemical reactor , types, batch reactors, reaction hazard evaluation, assessment, reactor safety, operating conditions, unit operations and equipments, utilities. Pressure system, pressure vessel design, standards and codes- pipe works and valves- heat exchangers- process machinery- over pressure protection, pressure relief devices and design, fire relief, vacuum and thermal relief, special situations, disposal- flare and vent systems- failures in pressure system.

UNIT II

PLANT COMMISSIONING AND INSPECTION

9

Commissioning phases and organization, pre-commissioning documents, process commissioning, commissioning problems, post commissioning documentation Plant inspection, pressure vessel, pressure piping system, nondestructive testing, pressure testing, leak testing and monitoring- plant monitoring, performance monitoring, condition, vibration, corrosion, acoustic emission-pipe line inspection.


UNIT III

PLANT OPERATIONS

9

Operating discipline, operating procedure and inspection, format, emergency procedures- hand over and permit system- start up and shut down operation, refinery units- operation of fired heaters, driers, storage- operating activities and hazards- trip systems- exposure of personnel

UNIT IV

PLANT MAINTENANCE, MODIFICATION AND EMERGENCY PLANNING

9

Management of maintenance, hazards- preparation for maintenance, isolation, purging, cleaning, confined spaces, permit system- maintenance equipment- hot works- tank cleaning, repair and demolition- online repairs- maintenance of protective devices- modification of plant, problems- controls of modifications. Emergency planning, disaster planning, onsite emergency- offsite emergency, APELL

UNIT V

STORAGES

9

General consideration, petroleum product storages, storage tanks and vessel- storages layout- segregation, separating distance, secondary containment- venting and relief, atmospheric vent, pressure, vacuum valves, flame arrestors, fire relief- fire prevention and protection- LPG storages, pressure storages, layout, instrumentation, vapourizer, refrigerated storages- LNG storages, hydrogen storages, toxic storages, chlorine storages, ammonia storages, other chemical storages- underground storages- loading and unloading facilities- drum and cylinder storage- ware house, storage hazard assessment of LPG and LNG

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
• Upon completion of the course, the students understand the key issues for making petroleum production and processing, cleaner and safe.

TEXT BOOK:
1. Lees, F.P. “Loss Prevention in Process Industries” Butterworth and Company, 1996.

REFERENCES:
1. “Quantitative Risk Assessment in Chemical Process Industries” American Institute of Chemical Industries, Centre for Chemical Process safety.
2. Fawcett, H.h. and Wood, “Safety and Accident Prevention in Chemical Operations” Wiley inters, Second Edition.
3. “Accident Prevention Manual for Industrial Operations” NSC, Chicago, 1982.
4. GREEN, A.E., “High Risk Safety Technology”, John Wiley and Sons,. 1984.
5. Petroleum Act and Rules, Government of India.
6. Carbide of Calcium Rules, Government of India.

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