PE8072 - CATALYTIC REACTION ENGINEERING (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PE8072 - CATALYTIC REACTION ENGINEERING (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PE8072

CATALYTIC REACTION ENGINEERING

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
• To impart knowledge on different types of chemical reactors, the design of chemical reactors under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions

UNIT I

CATALYST AND ITS CHARACTERIZATION

9

General definition of catalysts, Solid catalysts, Components of catalyst, Industrial catalysts, Preparation of solid catalysts, Precipitation and co-precipitation methods, Sol gel method, Supported catalysts,Impregnation and ion exchange method, Catalyst drying calcination and formulations, Catalyst Characterization techniques, Structural analysis, Chemisorption technique, Thermal analysis, Spectroscopic techniques, Microscopic technique.

UNIT II

KINETICS OF HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC REACTIONS

9

Reaction mechanism and rate equations, Power law model, Langmuir-Hinshelwood –Hougen- Watson (LHHW) model, EleyRideal model, Rate controlling Step, Estimation of model parameters, Reactor types- Fixed bed reactor, Fluidised bed reactor, Berty Reactor, Multiphase Reactors- Slurry Reactor, Trickle bed reactor, Bioreactors, Catalysts tests.


UNIT III

TRANSPORT PROCESSES WITH REACTIONS CATALYZED BY SOLIDS

9

Effect of external transport on catalytic reaction rate, Effect of external mass transfer resistance on order of reaction, Effect of external transport on selectivity, Effect of internal mass transport on catalytic reaction rate, Bulk diffusion , Knudsen diffusion, Surface diffusion,Effectiveness factor at isothermal conditions, Significance of intrapellet diffusion, Effect of intrapellet mass transfer on activation energy

UNIT IV

CATALYST DEACTIVATION

9

Types of Catalyst Deactivation. Kinetics of Catalyst Poisoning. Kinetics of Catalyst Deactivation by Coke Formation.

UNIT V

INDUSTRIAL CATALYTIC PROCESSES

9

Steam reforming, Catalytic cracking, Three Lumped kinetic model for catalytic cracking of gas oil Hydrocracking, Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation Catalytic Reactions

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
• At the end of this course, the students would gain knowledge on the selection of catalyst and multiphase reactor for the heterogeneous reaction.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, Gilbert F. Froment and Kenneth B. Bischoff, John Wiley & Sons, 2nd Edition, 1990.
2. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, H. Scott Fogler, Prentice Hall International Series, 3rd Edition, 2000.

REFERENCES:
1. Chemical Reaction Engineering, Octave Levenspiel, John Wiley & Sons, 3rd Edition, 1999.
2. Fundamentals of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Mark E. Davis and Robert J.Davis, McGrawHill, 2003.
3. An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor Design, Charles G. Hill, Jr., JohnWiley& Sons, 1977.

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