PH6252 - PHYSICS OF MATERIALS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PH6252 - PHYSICS OF MATERIALS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PH6252

PHYSICS OF MATERIALS

 LPTC

3003

UNIT I

PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OF MATERIALS

9

Phases - Phase rule – binary systems – tie line rule – lever rule – phase diagram – invariant reactions – diffusion Fick’s law - Nucleation – homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation – Free energy of formation of a critical nucleus – crystal growth – Czochralski, Bridgman, Solution methods - Thin films – preparation: PVD method - Sol-gel method – heat treatment and hardening processes..

UNIT II

PROPERTIES OF CONDUCTING AND SUPER CONDUCTING MATERIALS

9

Classical free electron theory of metals –Fermi function - Schrödinger wave equation - Time independent and time dependent equations. Physical significance of wave function, particle in a box ( in one dimension ) – electrons in a metal - Density of energy states – effect of temperature on Fermi energy – carrier concentration in metals - Superconducting Phenomena, Properties of superconductors – Meissner effect and Isotope effect. Type I and Type II superconductors, High Tc superconductors – Magnetic levitation and SQUIDS.


UNIT III

ELECTRONIC MATERIALS

9

Elemental and compound semiconductors - Origin of band gap in solids (qualitative) - Concept of effective mass of electron and hole – carrier concentration in an intrinsic semiconductor (derivation) – Fermi level – Variation of Fermi level with temperature – electrical conductivity – band gap determination – carrier concentration in n-type and p-type semiconductors (derivation) – variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration – Compound semiconductors – Hall effect – Determination of Hall coefficient – LED and Solar cells.

UNIT IV

INSULATING AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS

9

Dielectric, paraelectric and ferroelectric materials - Electronic, Ionic, Orientational and space charge polarization – Internal field and deduction of Clausius Mosotti equation – dielectric loss – different types of dielectric breakdown – classification of insulating materials and their applications - Introduction to magnetic materials - Domain theory of ferromagnetism, Hysteresis, Soft and Hard magnetic materials – Anti-ferromagnetic materials – Ferrites, Giant Magneto Resistance materials. Magnetic bubbles.

UNIT V

CERAMIC AND NEW MATERIALS

9

Introduction to Ceramics and its applications - Ceramic Fibres - Fibre reinforced Plastics – Fibre reinforced Metal – Metallic glasses – Shape memory alloys – Copper base alloys – Nickel – Titanium alloys – Relaxor- Ferroelectric materials – Electro and magneto rheological fluids - Sensors and Actuators – polymer semiconductos – photoconducting polymers – liquid crystals - Bio-sensors - Scintillation detectors (Position sensitive) –Bio materials – hydroxyapatite – PMMA – Silicone.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

REFERENCES:
1. Raghavan. V. Materials Science and Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.
2. Kumar.J, Moorthy Babu. S and Vasudevan. S., Engineering Physics, Vijay Nicole Imprints, 2006
3. Palanisamy.. P.K., Materials Science, Scitech., 2003.
4. Calister, W.D., Materials Science and Engineering an Introduction, John Wiley, 2003.
5. Raghavan, V., Physical Metallurgy, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.

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