PM6401 - FLUID MECHANICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6401 - FLUID MECHANICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6401

FLUID MECHANICS

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
To impart to the student knowledge on fluid properties, fluid statics, dynamic characteristics for through pipes and porous medium, flow measurement and fluid machineries

UNIT I

PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS AND CONCEPT OF PRESSURE

9

Introduction – Physical properties of fluids – Types of fluids – Fluid statics and its applications - Pressure – Density – Height relationships – Pressure measurement – Units and dimensions – Dimensional analysis – Dimensionless numbers.

UNIT II

MOMEMTUM BALANCE AND ITS APPLICATIONS

9

Kinematics of fluid flow – Stream line – Stream tube – Velocity potential – Newtonian and non- newtonian fluids – Time dependent fluids – Reynolds number experiment and significance – Continuity Equation – Momentum balance – Potential flow – Bernoulli's equation – Correction for fluid friction – Correction for pump work.


UNIT III

FLOW OF INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS THROUGH DUCTS

9

Flow of incompressible fluids in pipes – Laminar and turbulent flow through closed conduits – Velocity profile and friction factor for smooth and rough pipes – Heat loss due to friction in pipes and Fittings – Introduction to compressible flow – Isentropic flow through convergent and divergent nozzles and sonic velocity.

UNIT IV

FLOW OF FLUIDS THROUGH SOLIDS

9

Form drag – Skin drag – Drag co-efficient – Flow around solids and packed beds – Friction factor for packed beds – Ergun's Equation – Motion of particles through fluids – Motion under gravitational and centrifugal fields – Terminal settling velocity – Fluidization – Mechanism – Types – General properties – Applications.

UNIT V

TRANSPORTATION AND METERING

9

Measurement of fluid flow – Orifice meter – Venturi meter – Pitot tube – Rotameter– Weirs and notches – Hot wire anemometers – Transportation of fluids – Positive displacement pumps – Rotary and Reciprocating pumps – Centrifugal pumps –Performance and characteristics – Air lift and diaphragm pumps.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
To develop a student’s skills in analyzing fluid flows through the proper use of modeling and the application of the basic fluid-flow principles.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. McCabe, W.L., Smith, J.C. and Harriott, P., "Unit operations of Chemical Engineering", Seventh Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2004.
2. Coulson, J.M., and Richardson, J.F., "Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering", Vol. I, 3rd Edition, Butterworth Heinemann Publishers, 2004.

REFERENCES:
1. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic machines”, Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., 1995.
2. Nevers, N.D., "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers", McGraw-Hill, 1991.
3. De Nevers, L., “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers”, McGraw-Hill, 1994.

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