PM6605 - INSTRUMENTATION AND INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6605 - INSTRUMENTATION AND INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6605

INSTRUMENTATION AND INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
To understand the working principles of different instruments, and its applications.

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUMENTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND SIGNAL CONDITIONING

9

Introduction to Instruments and Their representation: Introduction, Elements, Classification, Standards, Calibration procedures Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Instruments, Specification of static characteristics, Selection of instruments, Forcing functions, Formulation of First order and second order system equations, Dynamic response Principals of Analog signal conditioning, converters, guidelines for analog signal conditioning design , Principles of digital signal conditioning, computer interface, DACs, ADCs, DAS hardware, DAS software, characteristics of digital data

UNIT II

TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE, LEVEL MEASUREMENTS

9

Temperature measurement: Temperature scales, Non electrical methods, Electrical methods, Radiation methods
Pressure measurement: Moderate pressure measurement, High pressure measurement, vacuum measurement
Level measurement: measurement techniques for Liquids and slurries, advance measurement techniques


UNIT III

FLOW MEASUREMENTS AND STUDY OF VALVES

9

Flow measurement: Introduction, Review of Venturimeter, orifice meters, rotameters, Pitot tube, working of turbine, vortex shedding, electromagnetic flow meters Introduction to Advanced flow measurement techniques: Hot Wire anemometer, Laser Doppler anemometer, Ultrasound, Particle image Velocimetry Study of Valves: Types of Valves, Actuators, Positioners, Valve characteristics, Controllability and Rangeability, Cavitation, Flashing, choking, Valve Sizing for incompressible fluids, compressible fluids, Two phase flows

UNIT IV

INTRODUCTION TO QUALITY CONTROL AND ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES

9

Need for Chemical analysis in Petroleum industry. Crude Assay. Standard Test Methods. Introduction to principles of Analytical techniques: Spectroscopic Techniques, Chromatographic techniques, Crystallography, electrochemical analysis, thermal analysis, electrophoresis, calorimetery, Hybrid techniques Miscellaneous measurements and analysis: density, viscosity, Refractormeter, pH and redox potential measurements. Thermal conductivity gas analyzers. Oxygen determination. Orsat analysis

UNIT V

WORKING AND INTERPRETATION OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYTICAL METHODS : I

9

Spectroscopic techniques: Atomic Absorption, X-ray, inductively coupled argon plasma (ICAP), ultraviolet – visible (UV-VIS), fluorescence, infrared (IR), Raman spectroscopy, mass spectrometry (MS),nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Chromatographic Techniques: gas chromatography (GC), high pressure liquid chromatography, gel permeation chromatograpghy (GPC) , thin layer chromatograpghy (TLC), super criticle fluid chromatography (SFC) Classification of spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques for Analysis of fuels Working and Interpretation of Instrumental analytical methods: II Lubricant Analysis: constituents of lubricants, characterization of lubricants by analytical techniques, importance of elemental analysis in lubricants

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
Students gain an knowledge about the Qualitative and quantitative instrument analysis of different materials.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Eckman, D. P.; Industrial Instrumentation; Wiley Eastern, 1991.
2. Johnson, C.; Process Control Instrumentation Technology; 4th ed., Prentice-Hall International.
3. Liptak, B. G., Venczel, K.; Instrument Engineer’s Handbook, Process Measurement; Chiltan Book Company

REFERENCES:
1. Nakra, B. C.; Chaudhary K. K.; Instrumentation Measurement and Analysis; Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1998.
2. Patranabis, D.; Principles of Industrial Instrumentation; Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1996.
3. Silverstein, Bassler, Morrill; Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds; John Wiley Publication, 1991.
4. Gary J.H. and Handework G.E., “Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics”, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1984.

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