PM6704 - REFINERY PROCESS DESIGN (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6704 - REFINERY PROCESS DESIGN (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PM6704

REFINERY PROCESS DESIGN

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
To get acquainted with process design of distillation columns involving multicomponent and complex mixtures. To learn methodologies practiced in rating and designing heat transfer equipment used in refining and process industry.

UNIT I

MULTICOMPONENT DISTILLATION

9

Dew point and bubble point for multi component mixtures. Design of multi component distillation column, Number of variables, Selection of key components, Selection of column pressure, Feed condition, Plate-to-plate calculations, Empirical short cut methods, Introduction to rigorous solution procedures.

UNIT II

PETROLEUM REFINERY DISTILLATION

9

TBP, EFV, ASTM distillation curves and their relevance, Material balance and flash zone calculations for petroleum refinery distillation columns, Pump around and pump back calculations, Overall energy requirements, Estimation of number of equilibrium stages, Design using Packie charts and Watkins method, Introduction to rigorous solution procedure based on pseudo components.


UNIT III

COLUMN DESIGN

9

Process design of distillation towers. Flooding charts. Trays and packings. Vacuum devices.Pressure drops. Height,diameter,supports.Piping requirements. Aspects of mechanical design. A typical P&ID for a distillation column.

UNIT IV

FIRED HEATERS

9

Heat load calculations for furnace heaters used in crude refining, Basic constructional features, Different furnace types, Review of factors to be considered in the design of fired heaters, Introduction to manual calculations methods.

UNIT V

PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS

9

Types of pumps and compressors. Selection criteria. Power rating calculations based on process duty.Use of operating curves of centrifugal pump. NPSHR and NPSHA. Pump Cavitation. Surge problem in compressors.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOME:
Students learn process design aspects related to distillation column, Fired Heaters, pumps and compressors

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Van Winkle M., “Distillation”, McGraw Hill, 1967.
2. Watkins, “Petroleum Refinery Distillation”, McGraw Hill, 1993
3. Sinnott R. K., “Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical engineering”, Vol. 6, Third Edition, Butter Worth-Heinemann, 1999.
4. Kern D. Q., “Process Heat Transfer”, McGraw Hill, 1965.
5. Cao Eduardo,”Heat Transfer in Process Engineering”, McGraw Hill,2010

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