PM8651 - PETROLEUM SECONDARY PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PM8651 - PETROLEUM SECONDARY PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PM8651

PETROLEUM SECONDARY PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
• Students will learn the refining operations like cracking, reforming, alklylation, isomerization and coking

UNIT I

THERMAL CRACKING AND COKING

9

Need and significance, types and functions of Secondary Processing. Cracking, Thermal Cracking and Visbreaking. Different Feed Stocks, Products Yields, Qualities and Recent Development. Hydro Cracking- principles, reactions in Hydro Cracking, Catalyst, Hydro Cracking Reaction Conditions, Iso Max Processes and Hydro Desulphurization Processes. Methods of Petroleum Coke Production – Koppers, Thermal Cracking, Delayed Coking, Fluid Coking and Contact Coking.

UNIT II

CATALYTIC CRAKING AND HYDRO CRACKING

9

Catalytic Cracking, Commercial Catalyst, Feedstock and Catalytic Cracking Conditions, Types and Processes- Fixed Bed Cracker, Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC), Flexi Cracking.


UNIT III

CATALYTIC REFORMING

9

Theory, Reaction Conditions and Catalyst for Catalytic Reforming, Platforming, Houdri Forming, Rhein Forming, Power Forming, Selecto Forming. Ultra Forming and Rex Forming. Naphtha Cracking, Feedstock Selection and Effect of Steam.

UNIT IV

ALKYLATION AND ISOMERIZATION

9

Feed Stocks and Reactions for Alkylation Process- Cascade Sulphuric Acid Alkylation, Hydrofluoric Acid Alkylation. Isomerization Process- Isomerization with Platinum Catalyst and Aluminium Chloride Process.

UNIT V

SPECIALTY PRODUCTS

9

Specialty Products: Industrial Grease- Manufacture of Calcium Grease, Liquid Paraffin and Petroleum Jellys. Polymer Gasoline: Feed Stock and Reactions of Polymer Gasoline

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:
• Demonstrate knowledge on various secondary processing technologies available for improving the quality of the petroleum products.
• Understand different flow sheets, catalyst and reactor technologies to perform secondary processes.
• Select appropriate technologies to meet the specified needs of the industries with appropriate consideration for safety, environmental and society
• Understand and application of specialty products obtained from crude oil

TEXT BOOKS:
1.Jones, D.S.J. and Pujadó, P.R., Handbook of petroleum processing, Springer, The Netherlands, 2006
2. Nelson, W. L “Petroleum Refinery Engineering”, McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited,1985.
3. Watkins, R. N “Petroleum Refinery Distillations”, 2nd Edition, Gulf Publishing Company, Texas, 1981.

REFERENCES:
1. Parkash, S., Refining processes handbook, Gulf Professional Publishing, 2003
2. Hobson, G. D “Modern Petroleum Refining Technology”, 4th Edition, Institute of Petroleum, U. K. 1973.

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