PY6005 - PHARMACOGNOSY (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PY6005 - PHARMACOGNOSY (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PY6005

PHARMACOGNOSY

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
To study about the general pharmacognosy and drug containing various active substances. To study, classify, identify and understand the medicinal compounds derived from plant sources and relate to therapeutic applications

UNIT I

GENERAL PHARMACOGNOSY

9

Definition, history, scope and development of pharmacognosy. Sources and Classification of drugs : sources of drugs. Classification. Cultivation, collection, processing and storage of crude drugs. Factors influencing cultivation of medicinal plants, types of soil and fertilizers of common use. Pest management and natural pest control agents. Plant hormones and their applications. Polyploidy, mutation and hybridization with reference to medicinal plants.

UNIT II

QUALITY CONTROL OF CRUDE DRUGS

6

Quality control of crude drugs : Adulteration of crude drugs and their detection by organoleptic, microscopic, physical, chemical and biological methods of evaluation.


UNIT III

DRUGS CONTAINING CARBOHYDRATES, LIPIDS, RESINS, TANNIN AND VOLATILE OIS

12

An Introduction to chemical constituents of drugs: their isolation, classification and properties & systematic pharmacognostic study. Carbohydrates and derived products : Agar, Gum Acacia, Gum tragacanth, Honey, Isapgol, pectin, Starch. Lipids : Bees wax, Castor oil, , Cod- liver oil, Hydnocarpus oil, Lard, Linseed oil, , shark liver oil and wool fat.Resins and resin combinations : Colophony, Podophyllum, , Cannabis, Capsicum, Myrrh, Asafoetida, Balsam of Peru, Balsam of Tolu, Benzoin, Turmeric. Tannins and tannins containing drugs : Gambier, black catechu, gall and myrobalan. Volatile oils: Mentha, Coriander, Cinnamon, Cassia, Caraway, Dill, Clove, Fennel, Nutmeg, Cardamom, Lemon grass oil, Eucalyptus, Sandalwood.

UNIT IV

DRUGS CONTAINING SAPONIN, ANTHROQUINONE AND CARDIAC GLYCOSIDE

9

Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagonistic macroscopic and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following groups containing glycosides. Saponins: glycyrrhiza, ginseng, dioscorea, sarsaparilla and senega. Cardioactive sterols : digitalis, squill, strophanthus and thevitia. Anthraquinone cathartics: Aloe, Senna, rhubarb and cascara. Psoralea, , gentian, chirata, quassia.

UNIT V

DRUGS CONTAINING ALKALOIDS AND DERIVED PRODUCTS

9

Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagnostic macroscopic and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following Alkaloids and its derived compounds: Cinchona,Ipecac,Opium,Ergot, Rauwolfia, Nuxvomica Belladona, Ephedra and Vinca.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: The student will be able to understand
• Various sources of natural drugs.
• Classification and identification of drugs of natural origin and detection of its adulterant.
• Plant derived important constituents and its therapeutic uses.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Evans, W.C. “Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy”, 15th Edition, Saunders / Elsevier, 2005.
2. Kokate, C.K. etal., “Pharmacognosy”, 39th Edition, Nirali Prakashan, 2007.
3. Wallis, T.E. “Textbook of Pharmacognosy”, 5th Edition, CBS Publishers, 1985.

REFERENCES:
1. Gennaro, A.R. “Remington : The Science and Practice of Pharmacy”, Vol. I & II. 20th Edition, B.I. Publications Pvt. Ltd. / Lippincott Willisams & Wilkins, 2004.
2. Mohammed Ali, “Textbook of Pharmacognosy”, 2nd Edition, CBS Publishers, 1994.
3. Kalia, A.N. “Textbook of Industrial Pharmacognosy”, CBS Publishers, 2005.

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