PY6405 - ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PY6405 - ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (Syllabus) 2013-regulation Anna University

PY6405

ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVE:
To provide the knowledge on fundamentals of thermodynamics and the operation design of various thermodynamics systems.

UNIT I

FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

9

Scope of thermodynamics – Basic concepts – Thermodynamic system – State and equilibrium – Process and cycles – Temperature and zeroth law of thermodynamics – Properties of pure substances – First law of thermodynamics – First law analysis of closed systems and control volumes and its application.

UNIT II

ENTROPY AND THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

9

The Clausius inequality – Entropy – Causes of entropy change – Entropy change of puresubstances – Thermal energy reservoirs – Heat engines – Perpetual motion machines – Reversible and irreversible processes – The Carnot cycle and principles – The CarnotHeat engine – The second law efficiency – Second law analysis of open and closedsystems.


UNIT III

REFRIGERATION, VAPOR AND COMBINED POWER CYCLES

9

Refrigerators and Heat pumps – The Carnot refrigerator and heat pumps – The reversed Carnot cycle – Ideal and Actual vapor compression Refrigeration cycle – Selection of right refrigerants – Heat pumps – Absorption refrigerator system – The Carnot vapor cycle – Rankine cycle – Cogeneration – Second law analysis of vapor power cycles.

UNIT IV

PVT RELATIONS AND THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

9

PVT relations for gases and liquids – Equations of state – Cubic equations of state – Thermodynamic properties from equations of state – Compressibility factor –Generalized properties of fluids – Law of corresponding state – Acentric factor – gasmixtures.Thermodynamic relations – Maxwell’s relations – Estimation of thermodynamicproperties– Thermodynamic properties of homogeneous mixtures – Partial molarproperties, Fugacity and fugacity coefficients – Lewis and Randall rule – Propertychanges of mixing, activity – Excess properties, activity coefficients.

UNIT V

PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND CHEMICAL REACTION EQUILIBRIA

9

Phase equilibria – Pure component and mixtures – Van Laar, Margules equation –Group contribution method – Gibb’s Duhem equation – Consistency tests – Partiallymiscible and immiscible systems – Azeotropes – Retrograde condensation –Thermodynamic diagrams.Chemical equilibria – Heat effects – industrial reactions – Free energy calculations – Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions – Equilibrium composition.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: The student will be able to
• Demonstrate the knowledge on various laws of thermodynamics and its concepts to assess the feasibility in thermodynamic process.
• Analyze and solve problems in thermodynamic systems
• Select appropriate thermodynamic processes and solutions to meet the specified needs.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Smith, J.M. and Van Ness, “Introduction to Engineering Thermodynamics”, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, 1996.
2. Narayanan, K.V., “A Text Book of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.

REFERENCES:
1. Hougen and Watson, “Chemical Process Principles” Vol. II, CBS Publishers, 2002.
2. Kyle, “Chemical and Process Thermodynamics”, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2000.
3. Rao,Y.V.C., “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, Universities Press, 1997.

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