PY8201 - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PY8201 - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

PY8201

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To explain physiological mechanism of various organ systems and to explain the pathophysiology of underlying common diseases.

UNIT I

HEAMATOLOGY

9

Composition and functions of blood, functions of plasma proteins, reaction of blood, coagulation of blood, coagulation factors, functions of bone marrow, erythropoiesis, functions of hemoglobin, blood groups.

UNIT II

PHYSIOLOGY OF MUSCLES

9

Physiology and properties of skeletal muscle,, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, Physiology of muscular contraction, excitability and contractibility, isotonic and isometric contractions, refractory period, tonicity, electromyography.


UNIT III

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

9

Functions of respiratory system, role of ciliated epithelium, pleural cavity and intra pleural pressure, mechanism of breathing, resistance to breathing, pulmonary volumes, mechanism of gaseous exchange, control of respiration.

UNIT IV

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

9

Introduction to circulation, functions of circulation, anatomical considerations of heart, cardiac impulse, cardiac cycle, heart sounds, electrocardiogram, heart rate, cardiac output, blood pressure, factors influencing blood pressure, blood velocity, functions of pulmonary circulation, coronary circulation, nervous control and reflex control of blood flow.

UNIT V

ENDOCRINE AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

9

Physiology of Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreatic hormones and disorders of these glands, endocrine control of growth and metabolism; pineal, thymus, testes, ovaries, physiology of reproductive systems, sex hormones, physiology of fertilization, menstruation, menopause, spermatogenesis and oogenesis, pregnancy and parturition and clinical disorders

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:
• The student should be able to locate, identify and functionally describe the organ systems of human body. Must be able to utiize appropriate reference resources to clarify and expand knowledge of physiology and pathophysiology.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Guyton, A.C. and Hall, J.E., “Textbook of Medical Physiology”, 11th Edition, Saunders, 2006.
2. CC Chatterjee. Human Physiology Volume I and II. Medical Allied Agency, Kolkata, Special Edition, 2011.
3. Stuart Ira Fox. Human physiology. 12th ed. Mac Graw Hill. 2011.
4. Dee Unglaub Silverthorn. Human physiology - An integrated approach. Fifth edition. Pearson Education, Inc., 2012.

REFERENCES:
1. Carola, R., Harley J.P. and Noback C.R., “Human Anatomy & Physiology”, 2nd Edition, McGraw – Hill, 1992.
2. Vander, A.J., Sherman J.H. and Luciano D.S., “Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function”, 5th Edition, McGraw – Hill, 1990.
3. Waugh, Anne and Allison Grant, “Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness”, 10th Edition, Churchill – Livingstone / Elsevier), 2006.

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