EI8073 - BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

EI8073 - BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION (Syllabus) 2017-regulation Anna University

EI8073

BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION

LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To Introduce Fundamentals of Biomedical Engineering
• To study the communication mechanics in a biomedical system with few examples
• To study measurement of certain important electrical and non-electrical parameters
• To understand the basic principles in imaging techniques
• To have a basic knowledge in life assisting and therapeutic devices

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UNIT I

Introduction                  

9

Cell and its structure – Resting and Action Potential – Nervous system and its fundamentals - Basic components of a biomedical system- Cardiovascular systems- Respiratory systems -Kidney and blood flow - Biomechanics of bone - Biomechanics of soft tissues -Physiological signals and transducers - Transducers – selection criteria – Piezo electric, ultrasonic transducers - Temperature measurements - Fibre optic temperature sensors

UNIT II

NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS MEASUREMENT AND DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES

9

Measurement of blood pressure - Cardiac output - Heart rate - Heart sound - Pulmonary function measurements – spirometer – Photo Plethysmography, Body Plethysmography – Blood Gas analysers, pH of blood –measurement of blood pCO2, pO2, finger-tip oxymeter - ESR, GSR measurements.


UNIT III

ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS

9

Electrodes – Limb electrodes –floating electrodes – pregelled disposability electrodes - Micro, needle and surface electrodes – Amplifiers, Preamplifiers, differential amplifiers, chopper amplifiers – Isolation amplifier - ECG – EEG – EMG – ERG – Lead systems and recording methods – Typical waveforms - Electrical safety in medical environment, shock hazards – leakage current-Instruments for checking safety parameters of biomedical equipment.

UNIT IV

IMAGING MODALITIES AND ANALYSIS

9

Radio graphic and fluoroscopic techniques – Computer tomography – MRI – Ultrasonography – Endoscopy – Thermography –Different types of biotelemetry systems - Retinal Imaging - Imaging application in Biometric systems.

UNIT V

LIFE ASSIS ING, THERAPEUTIC AND ROBOTIC DEVICES

9

Pacemakers – Defibrillators – Ventilators – Nerve and muscle stimulators – Diathermy – Heart – Lung machine – Audio meters – Dialysers – Lithotripsy - ICCU patient monitoring system - Nano Robots - Robotic surgery –Orthopedic prostheses fixation.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course students will have the
• Ability to understand the philosophy of the heart, lung, blood circulation and
• Ability to provide latest ideas on devices of non‐electrical devices.respirationsystem.
• Ability to gain knowledge on various sensing and measurement devices of electrical origin.
• Ability to understand the analysis systems of various organ types.
• Ability to bring out the important and modern methods of imaging techniques and their analysis.
• Ability to explain the medical assistance/techniques, robotic and therapeutic equipments.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Khandpur R.S, Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,2nd edition, 2003
3. Joseph J Carr and John M.Brown, Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology, John Wiley and sons, New York, 4th edition, 2012

REFERENCES
1. John G. Webster, Medical Instrumentation Application and Design, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1998.
2. Duane Knudson, Fundamentals of Biomechanics, Springer, 2nd Edition, 2007.
3. Suh, Sang, Gurupur, Varadraj P., Tanik, Murat M., Health Care Systems, Technology and Techniques, Springer, 1st Edition, 2011.
4. Ed. Joseph D. Bronzino, The Biomedical Engineering Hand Book, Third Edition, Boca Raton, CRC Press LLC, 2006.
5. M.Arumugam, ‘Bio-Medical Instrumentation’, Anuradha Agencies, 2003.

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