AI3201 - PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF CROP PRODUCTION (Syllabus) 2021-regulation Anna University

AI3201 - PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF CROP PRODUCTION (Syllabus) 2021-regulation Anna University

AI3201

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF CROP PRODUCTION

 LPTC

2023

OBJECTIVES:
• To introduce the students to principles of agricultural and horticultural crop production
• Understand the crop selection and establishment procedures.
• Learn about the different management practices during crop establishment and growth.
• To introduce the production practices of agricultural and horticultural crops.
• To delineate the role of agricultural engineers in relation to various crop production practices.

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UNIT I

AGRICULTURE AND CROP PRODUCTION

9

Introduction to agriculture and its crop production sub-sectors - field crop production and horticulture; Factors affecting crop growth and production: genetic (internal) and environmental (external) factors; Crop management through environmental modification and adaptation of crops to the existing environment through crop cultural practices

UNIT II

CROP SELECTION AND ESTABLISHMENT

9

Regional and seasonal selection of crops; Systems of crop production; Competition among crop plants; Spacing and arrangement of crop plants; Field preparation for crops including systems of tillage; Establishment of an adequate crop stand and ground cover, including selection and treatment of seed, and nursery growing.


UNIT III

CROP MANAGEMENT

9

Crop water Management; Crop nutrition management - need for supplementation to soil supplied nutrients, sources, generalized recommendations, methods and timing of application of supplemental nutrients including fertigation scheduling; Crop protection including management of weeds, pests and pathogens; Integrated methods of managing water, nutrients and plant protection; Types and methods of harvest.

UNIT IV

PRODUCTION PRACTICES OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

9

Generalized management and cultivation practices for important groups of field crops in Tamil Nadu: cereal crops, grain legumes, oil seed crops, sugarcane, and fiber crops, and special purpose crops such as those grown for green manure and fodder.

UNIT V

PRODUCTION PRACTICES OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS

9

Important groups of horticultural crops in Tamil Nadu such as vegetable crops, fruit crops, flower crops; Cultivation practices of representatives of each group; Special features of production of horticultural crops - green house cultivation.

Practical

9

Identification of field and horticultural crops. Seeds - estimation of seed rate, germination of seeds. Nursery, demonstration on different types in field. Fertilizers-type, estimation of recommended dose. Weeds, identification of major weed type, demonstration on simple weeding implements. Weedicide uses and caution. Pest identification and control, demonstration of IPM methods. Harvesting methods for various field and horticultural crops and implements used. Observing in demonstration field, cultivation of wet land, dry land and garden land crops and documenting of growth stage and recording of biometric observations.

TOTAL (L: 30 + P:30) = 60 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:
• Students completing this course would have acquired knowledge on the basic principles of crop production.
• Students will be able to select suitable crops and decide upon its establishment procedures
• Students will get knowledge on the different crop management practices.
• The students will have the required knowledge in the area of production of agricultural and horticultural crops.
• Students will be able to delineate their role in relation to various crop production practices.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Rajendra Prasad, Text Book of Field Crop Production. Directorate of Information and Publication, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi, 2015. 2. Reddy T. Sankara G.H. Yellamanda Reddi, Principles of Agronomy, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 2005. 3. Handbook of Agriculture. ICAR Publications, New Delhi, 2011.

REFERENCES:
1. Bose T. K. and L.P.Yadav. Commercial Flowers, Naya Prakash, Calcutta.1989.
2. Crop Production Guide, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Publication, Coimbatore. 2005
3. Kumar, N., Abdul Khader, M. Rangaswami, P. and Irulappan, I. Introduction to spices, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants. Rajalakshmi Publications, Nagercoil. 1993.
4. Kumar, N.,”Introduction to Horticulture”, Rajalakshmi Publications. Nagercoil, 7th edition, 2015.
5. Shanmugavel, K.G. Production Technology of Vegetable Crops. Oxford India Publications, New Delhi. 1989.

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