CY3201 - PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (Syllabus) 2021-regulation Anna University

CY3201 - PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (Syllabus) 2021-regulation Anna University

CY3201

PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

 LPTC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To understand concepts of chemical thermodynamics and partial molar quantities
• To impart thorough knowledge on rubber and plastics
• To make the student conversant with adsorption and oxidation process
• To provide comprehensive information and exposure to synthesis of monomers
• To learn and understand the structure and reactivity in organic compounds

UNIT I

CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

9

Introduction to thermodynamics – Need for second law of thermodynamics, third law of thermodynamics and its validity - Entropy and probability - Maxwell relations - Gibbs – Helmholtz equation - Van’t Hoff’s equation - Chemical potential - Partial molar quantities, methods of calculation Ideal and non-ideal solutions Thermodynamic criteria of polymer solubility, solubility parameter.

UNIT II

RUBBER AND PLASTICS

9

Introduction to rubber - latex - processing latex - mastication - compounding of rubber - vulcanizations of rubber - engineering polymers thermoforming - degradation stability and environment- synthetic rubbers preparation and applications of SBR - butyl rubber - nitrile rubber - neoprene and silicone rubber- plastic materials - classification of plastics (or resins) - moulding constituents of a plastic – fabrication techniques used for thermoplastic resin (moulding process)-important thermoplastic resins- natural resins - celluloses – polyethylene – PVC.


UNIT III

REACTION MECHANISMS

9

Free radical substitutions, Electrophilic addition, Aromatic Electrophilic substitutions, Nucleophilic additions, condensation reactions, nucleophilic substitutions in aliphatic compounds, cycloadditions, Rearrangements Beckmann, Curtius, Hofmann, cope and oxy-cope, Fries rearrangement reactions (Mechanism not required).

UNIT IV

MONOMERS IN POLYMER TECHNOLOGY

9

Preparation, properties and uses of monomers: ethylene, propylene, isobutylene, butadiene, styrene, methyl methacrylate, diisocyanates, glycols, polyols, epichlorohydrin, Tetrafluoro ethylene, acrylonitrile, vinyl chloride, vinyl acetate, Caprolactam.

UNIT V

STRUCTURE AND REACTIVITY IN ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

9

Bonding in Organic Compounds: alkane, alkene and alkyne - Structure-property relationships Electronic effects: inductive, mesomeric, electromeric and hyperconjugation. Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, elementary ideas about stereo chemistry RS-nomenclature and EZ- nomenclature

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:
• Will be able to understand chemical thermodynamics and the influence of chemical potential
• Will be familiar in rubber and plastics
• Will be conversant in the reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry
• Will have the ability to synthesize the monomers for the use of man kind
• Can investigate on the structure and reactivity of organic compounds

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Glasstone, S., and D. Lewis, “Elements of Physical Chemistry”, Macmillan, 1995.
2. Finar I.L., “Textbook of Organic Chemistry”, ELBS, 1996.
3. Gowariker V.R, Viswanathan N. V and Jayadev Sreedhar, “Polymer Science”, New Age International (P) Ltd, 2005

REFERENCES:
1. Maron and C.F. Pruton, “Physical Chemistry”, Macmillan, 4th Edition, 2017.
2. Morrison and Boyd, “Organic Chemistry”, Pearson, 2010.
3. Morawetz H., “Macromolecules in Solution”, R.E. Krieger Publishing Company, 1983.
4. Mishra Chandra, Plastic and Rubber Technology, CBS Publishers, 2021
5. Michael B. Smith and Jerry March, “March’s Advanced Organic Chemistry Reactions, Mechanisms And Structure” 6th Edition, Wiley-Interscience A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication, 2007

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