## ME3491 Syllabus - Theory Of Machines - 2021 Regulation Anna University

ME3491

THEORY OF MACHINES

LPTC

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To study the basic components of mechanisms, analyzing the assembly with respect to the displacement, velocity, and acceleration at any point in a link of a mechanism and design cam mechanisms for specified output motions.
• To study the basic concepts of toothed gearing and kinematics of gear trains
• To Analyzing the effects of friction in machine elements
• To Analyzing the force-motion relationship in components subjected to external forces and analyzing of standard mechanisms.
• To Analyzing the undesirable effects of unbalances resulting from prescribed motions in mechanism and the effect of dynamics of undesirable vibrations.

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UNIT I

KINEMATICS OF MECHANISMS

9

Mechanisms – Terminology and definitions – kinematics inversions of 4 bar and slide crank chain – kinematics analysis in simple mechanisms – velocity and acceleration polygons– Analytical methods – computer approach – cams – classifications – displacement diagrams - layout of plate cam profiles – derivatives of followers motion – circular arc and tangent cams.

UNIT II

GEARS AND GEAR TRAINS

9

Spur gear – law of toothed gearing – involute gearing – Interchangeable gears – Gear tooth action interference and undercutting – nonstandard teeth – gear trains – parallel axis gears trains – epicyclic gear trains – automotive transmission gear trains.

UNIT III

FRICTION IN MACHINE ELEMENTS

9

Surface contacts – Sliding and Rolling friction – Friction drives – Friction in screw threads – Bearings and lubrication – Friction clutches – Belt and rope drives – Friction aspects in brakes– Friction in vehicle propulsion and braking.

UNIT IV

FORCE ANALYSIS

9

Applied and Constrained Forces – Free body diagrams – static Equilibrium conditions – Two, Three and four members – Static Force analysis in simple machine members – Dynamic Force Analysis – Inertia Forces and Inertia Torque – D’Alembert’s principle – superposition principle – dynamic Force Analysis in simple machine members

UNIT V

BALANCING AND VIBRATION

9

Static and Dynamic balancing – Balancing of revolving and reciprocating masses – Balancing machines – free vibrations – Equations of motion – natural Frequency – Damped Vibration – bending critical speed of simple shaft – Torsional vibration – Forced vibration – harmonic Forcing – Vibration isolation. (Gyroscopic principles)

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course the students would be able to
1. Discuss the basics of mechanism.
2. Solve problems on gears and gear trains.
3. Examine friction in machine elements.
4. Calculate static and dynamic forces of mechanisms.
5. Calculate the balancing masses and their locations of reciprocating and rotating masses. 6. Computing the frequency of free vibration, forced vibration and damping coefficient.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Uicker, J.J., Pennock G.R and Shigley, J.E., “Theory of Machines and Mechanisms”, Oxford University Press, 2017.
2. Ramamurthi. V, “Mechanics of Machines”, Narosa Publishing House, 3rd edition 2019.

REFERENCES:
1. AmitabhaGhosh and Asok Kumar Mallik, “Theory of Mechanisms and Machines”, Affiliated East-West Pvt. Ltd., 1988.
2. Rao.J.S. and Dukkipati.R.V. “Mechanism and Machine Theory”, New Age International Pvt. Ltd., 2nd edition,2014.
3. Rattan, S.S, “Theory of Machines”, McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., 5th edition 2019.
4. Robert L. Norton, Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2013.
5. Wilson and Sadler, Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery, Pearson, 2008.