BT3491 Syllabus - Chemical Process Calculations In Biotechnology - 2021 Regulation Anna University

BT3491

CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

LTPC

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To enable the students to learn about basic concepts of chemical process and calculations.
• The course aims to develop skills of the students in the area of Chemical Engineering with emphasis in process calculations and fluid mechanics.
• This will enable the students to perform calculations pertaining to processes and operations.

UNIT I

BASIC CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS

9

Dimension – Systems of units esp. engineering FPS, Engineering MKS & SI systems – Conversion from one system to the other – composition of mixtures and solutions – mass fraction, mass %, mole fraction, mole %, mass ratios, molarity, molality, normality, ppm, composition by density.

UNIT II

IDEAL AND ACTUAL GAS EQUATIONS

9

Ideal and actual gas equations, Vander Walls, compressibility factor equations, Application to pure gas & gas mixtures – partial pressures, partial volumes – Air-water vapour systems, Humidity, Molar Humidity, Relative Humidity, % Saturation, humid Volume – Humidity chart – wet, Dry bulb, Dew point temperatures, pH of solutions, Vapour pressure.

UNIT III

MATERIAL BALANCE

9

Material balance concept – overall & component – material balance applications for evaporator, gas absorber without reaction, Distillation (Binary system), Liquid extraction, solid-liquid extraction, drying, crystallization, Humidification, Reverse Osmosis separation and Mixing Recycle and Bypass illustration

UNIT IV

ENERGY BALANCE

9

General energy balance equation for open systems, closed system sensible heat calculation, Heat required for phase change thermo chemistry, application of steam tables, Saturated and superheated steam application in bioprocess

UNIT V

CHEMICAL REACTION

9

Chemical Reaction-Limiting, excess component, Fractional conversion, Percent conversion, Fractional yield in multiple reactions. Simple problems, Combustion Reactions.

TOTAL : 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: Upon success completion of this course, the students will be able to:
1. Solve problems related to units and conversions and fit the given data using the methodologies
2. Solve problems related to material and energy balance concepts & , design reactors for biochemical processes
3. Apply their knowledge in the field of biochemical engineering from the principles of Thermodynamics

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Bhatt B.I & SB Thakore, Stoichiometry - Fifth edition Tata McGraw Hill 2017
2. K.A.Kavhane, Introduction to Process calculations,Nirali Publishers,1st Edition,2016
3. Himmelblau D.M “Basic principles & Calculations in Chemical Engineering” 8th edn PHI 2014.

REFERENCES:
1. McCabe W.L & J.C.Smiith & P.Harriot “Unit operations of chemical Engineering” 7thEdn McGraw Hill 2017
2. S. Pushpavanam, Introduction to Chemical Engineering, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.,2012
3. Geankoplis C.J. “Transport process & Separation process Principles 4th edition-PHI 2006.