FT3303 Syllabus - Fabric Manufacturing - 2021 Regulation Anna University

FT3303 Syllabus - Fabric Manufacturing - 2021 Regulation Anna University





• To teach preparatory processes, primary and secondary mechanisms auxiliary, additional mechanisms of shuttle looms; weft insertion principles of shuttle less looms
• To teach knitting process, principles of weft and warp knitting machines
• To teach principles involved in the manufacturing of nonwoven fabric



Basics of Woven Fabrics: Different kinds of fabrics, Woven fabrics, Warp, Weft, Weaving; Preparatory processes for single and folded yarn Yarn Winding Machines: Objectives, yarn passage in Cone Winding machine and Pirn Winding machine. Warping Machines: Objectives, warp passage in Back beam warping machine and Sectional warping machine. Sizing and Gaiting: Objects of sizing, sizing ingredients and its function; Drawing-in, Denting, and Knotting or Piecing; Gaiting



Basic Concepts of Loom: Loom, Parts of Loom, Path of Warp in loom; Motions of Weaving –Primary, Secondary, and Auxiliary motions; Types of looms, Loom speed and Efficiency Primary Mechanisms: Basic working principles of Tappet Shedding, Cone over Picking, Cone under Picking, Side lever Under Picking, Crank Beat-up, Timings of Primary Motions Secondary Mechanisms: Negative Let-off mechanism, Positive Seven wheels Take-up mechanism. Objectives of Auxiliary Motions: Temple, Brake/Starting handle, Warp stop, Warp protecting, Weft stop, Drop box



Other Shedding Devices: Basic working principles Climax Dobby and Single lift single cylinder Jacquard Shuttle less looms: Basic principles of weft insertion by Projectile, Single Rapier, Double Rapier, Air jet, water jet; Multi-phase weaving; Principles 3D fabric weaving Defects and Inspection: Woven fabric Defects, Causes and Remedies; Fabric inspection, 4-points system, Classification of defects, Inspection procedure



Classification of knitting processes – weft knit and warp knit; yarn quality requirements for knitting; principles of knitting; types of knitting needles – Bearded, Latch & Compound needle; Weft knitting machines: Principles of Flat knitting machine and Circular knitting machine, - Circular bearded needle single-jersey fabric machine, Revolving cylinder latch needle machine, Circular garment length machine Warp knitting machines: needle bar, sinker bar, guide bar –pattern wheel –chain link-Warp knitting fundamentals- Knitting cycle for warp knitting- closed lap and open lap stitches – Raschel, compound needle and Tricot knitting machines- Comparison of raschel and tricot knitting machines



Web preparation for nonwovens – Principle, machines, processes for web preparation by dry laid, wet laid and air laid; web preparation by polymeric solution, Spun bonding and Melt blown process. Bonding of nonwoven: Bonding methods- principles, machine; processes for mechanical, thermal, chemical bonding; Finishes, Properties and uses of nonwoven fabrics


COURSE OUTCOMES: Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
CO1: Describe the objectives and principles of winding, warping machines and the objectives of sizing.
CO2: Explain the basic concepts of loom and the working principle of primary, secondary, and auxiliary mechanisms of power loom.
CO3: Explain the working principle of dobby, jacquard, and shuttle less looms; Describe the fabric defects, causes and remedies, procedure for fabric inspection.
CO4: Describe the classification of knitted fabrics and explain the working principle of warp and weft knitting machines.
CO5: Explain the principles involved in web preparation, bonding and finishing of nonwoven fabrics

1. Talukdar M.K., Sriramulu P.K. and Ajgaonkar D.B., “Weaving: Machines, Mechanisms, Management”, Mahajan Publishers, Ahmedabad, 1998, ISBN: 81- 85401-16-0.
2. Marks R. and Robinson T.C., “Principles of Weaving”, The Textile Institute, Manchester, 1989, ISBN: 0 900739 258.
3. Abhijit Majumdar, Principles of Woven Fabric Manufacturing 1 st Edition, Kindle Edition ISBN-13 978-1498759113.
4. Spencer D.J.,“Knitting Technology”, III Ed.,Textile Institute, Manchester, 2001, ISBN:1855733331.
5. Samuel Raz., “Flat Knitting: The new generation”, MeisenbachGmbH, Bamberg,1997, ISBN:3- 87525-054-0.
6. Samuel Raz.,“Warp Knitting production”, MelliandTextilberichte, GmbH, Rohrbacher, 1987,ISB: 3-87529-022-4

1. PR. Lord and Mohammed, “Weaving: Conversion of yarn to fabric”, M.H.Merrine Publishing Co. Ltd., VK, 1998.
2. W.S. Murphy, “Hand Book of Weaving”, Abhishek Publications 2001.
3. AjgaonkarD.B., “Knitting technology”, Universal Publishing Corporation, Mumbai,1998, ISBN:0818502738/ISBN:9780818502736.
4. Nonwoven Fabrics: Raw Materials, Manufacture, Applications, Characteristics, Testing Processes, Edited by Wilhelm Albrecht , Hilmar Fuchs and Walter Kittelmann, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim,, ISBN: 3-527-30406-1, 2003


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