## MA3354 Syllabus - Discrete Mathematics - 2021 Regulation Anna University

MA3354

DISCRETE MATHEMATICS

LTPC

3104

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To extend student’s logical and mathematical maturity and ability to deal with abstraction.
• To introduce most of the basic terminologies used in computer science courses and application of ideas to solve practical problems.
• To understand the basic concepts of combinatorics and graph theory.
• To familiarize the applications of algebraic structures.
• To understand the concepts and significance of lattices and boolean algebra which are widely used in computer science and engineering.

UNIT I

LOGIC AND PROOFS

9+3

Propositional logic – Propositional equivalences - Predicates and quantifiers – Nested quantifiers – Rules of inference - Introduction to proofs – Proof methods and strategy.

UNIT II

COMBINATORICS

9+3

Mathematical induction – Strong induction and well ordering – The basics of counting – The pigeonhole principle – Permutations and combinations – Recurrence relations – Solving linear recurrence relations – Generating functions – Inclusion and exclusion principle and its applications.

UNIT III

GRAPHS

9+3

Graphs and graph models – Graph terminology and special types of graphs – Matrix representation of graphs and graph isomorphism – Connectivity – Euler and Hamilton paths.

UNIT IV

ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES

9+3

Algebraic systems – Semi groups and monoids - Groups – Subgroups – Homomorphism’s – Normal subgroup and cosets – Lagrange’s theorem – Definitions and examples of Rings and Fields.

UNIT V

LATTICES AND BOOLEAN ALGEBRA

9+3

Partial ordering – Posets – Lattices as posets – Properties of lattices - Lattices as algebraic systems – Sub lattices – Direct product and homomorphism – Some special lattices – Boolean algebra – Sub Boolean Algebra – Boolean Homomorphism.

TOTAL: 60 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: At the end of the course, students would :
CO1: Have knowledge of the concepts needed to test the logic of a program.
CO2: Have an understanding in identifying structures on many levels.
CO3: Be aware of a class of functions which transform a finite set into another finite set which relates to input and output functions in computer science.
CO4: Be aware of the counting principles.
CO5: Be exposed to concepts and properties of algebraic structures such as groups, rings and fields.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Rosen. K.H., "Discrete Mathematics and its Applications", 7th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi, Special Indian Edition, 2017.
2. Tremblay. J.P. and Manohar. R, "Discrete Mathematical Structures with Applications to Computer Science", Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd, New Delhi, 30th Reprint, 2011.

REFERENCES:
1. Grimaldi. R.P. "Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics: An Applied Introduction", 5thEdition, Pearson Education Asia, Delhi, 2013.
2. Koshy. T. "Discrete Mathematics with Applications", Elsevier Publications, 2006.
3. Lipschutz. S. and Mark Lipson., "Discrete Mathematics", Schaum’s Outlines, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 3rd Edition, 2010.