### MR3351 Syllabus - Fluid Mechanics And Thermal Systems - 2021 Regulation Anna University

## MR3351 Syllabus - Fluid Mechanics And Thermal Systems - 2021 Regulation Anna University

MR3351 | FLUID MECHANICS AND THERMAL SYSTEMS | LTPC |
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**4004**

**COURSE OBJECTIVES:**

• To knowledge in Fluid Properties and Statics

• To understand the concept of fluid kinematics and Dynamics.

• To learn about the flows in fluid, Viscous flows and flow through pipes

• To understand the basics laws of thermodynamics

• To understand the second law of thermodynamics and entropy

• To understand the concept of fluid kinematics and Dynamics.

• To learn about the flows in fluid, Viscous flows and flow through pipes

• To understand the basics laws of thermodynamics

• To understand the second law of thermodynamics and entropy

UNIT I | FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS | 12 |
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Fluid Definition and Classification – Properties of fluids: Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific Gravity, Viscosity, Compressibility, Bulk Modulus, Capillary and Surface Tension – Fluid statics: Concept of fluid static pressure – Pascal‘s law –Absolute and Gauge pressures – Manometers: Types and Pressure measurement – Concept of Buoyancy and Floatation.

UNIT II | FLUID KINEMATICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS | 12 |
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Fluid Kinematics: Types of fluid flow – Continuity equation in two and three dimensions – Velocity and Acceleration of fluid particle – Velocity potential function and Stream function. Fluid dynamics: Euler's equation along a streamline –Bernoulli's equation and applications – Venturi meter, Orifice meter and Pitot tube.

UNIT III | VISCOUS FLOW, FLOW THROUGH PIPES AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS | 12 |
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Viscous flow: Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship – Flow of viscous fluid through circular pipe – Flow through pipes: Loss of head due to friction – Minor head losses – Hydraulic gradient and Total energy lines – Flow through pipes in series and in parallel – Power transmission through pipes. Dimensional analysis: Buckingham's theorem.

UNIT IV | BASICS OF THERMODYNAMICS AND FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS | 12 |
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Thermodynamics – Microscopic and macroscopic point of view – Systems, properties, process, path, cycle. Thermodynamic equilibrium – Zeroth law of Thermodynamics – internal energy, enthalpy, specific heat capacities CV and CP, Relationship between CV and CP. First law of Thermodynamics – Application to closed and open systems – Steady Flow Energy Equation (SFEE) – Simple problems.

UNIT V | SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND ENTROPY | 12 |
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Second Law of thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius Statements – Equivalents of Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements. Reversibility – Irreversibility, reversible cycle – Heat engine, heat pump and refrigerator. Carnot cycle and Clausius theorem, the property of entropy, the inequality of Clausius – Entropy principle – General expression for entropy – Simple problems in entropy.

**TOTAL: 60 PERIODS**

**COURSE OUTCOMES: At the end of the course, the student able to:**

CO1: Recognize the fluid properties, fluid statics and laws of thermodynamics

CO2: Interpret the problems related to kinematics and dynamics of fluids and thermal systems

CO3: Review the energy losses in flow through pipes and steady flow equation in thermal systems.

CO4: Analyse the fluid flow and thermal process CO5: Solve the problems related to fluid and thermal systems.

CO2: Interpret the problems related to kinematics and dynamics of fluids and thermal systems

CO3: Review the energy losses in flow through pipes and steady flow equation in thermal systems.

CO4: Analyse the fluid flow and thermal process CO5: Solve the problems related to fluid and thermal systems.

**TEXT BOOKS:**

1. Bansal R.K., ―Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines‖, 9th Edition, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2015.

**REFERENCES:**

1. Nag P.K., ―Engineering Thermodynamics‖, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2013.

2. Cengel Yunus A. and Boles Michael A., ―Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach‖, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.

3. Frank M. White., ―Fluid Mechanics‖, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2009.

2. Cengel Yunus A. and Boles Michael A., ―Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach‖, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.

3. Frank M. White., ―Fluid Mechanics‖, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2009.

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