## MR3351 Syllabus - Fluid Mechanics And Thermal Systems - 2021 Regulation Anna University

MR3351

FLUID MECHANICS AND THERMAL SYSTEMS

LTPC

4004

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To knowledge in Fluid Properties and Statics
• To understand the concept of fluid kinematics and Dynamics.
• To learn about the flows in fluid, Viscous flows and flow through pipes
• To understand the basics laws of thermodynamics
• To understand the second law of thermodynamics and entropy

UNIT I

FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS

12

Fluid Definition and Classification – Properties of fluids: Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific Gravity, Viscosity, Compressibility, Bulk Modulus, Capillary and Surface Tension – Fluid statics: Concept of fluid static pressure – Pascal‘s law –Absolute and Gauge pressures – Manometers: Types and Pressure measurement – Concept of Buoyancy and Floatation.

UNIT II

FLUID KINEMATICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS

12

Fluid Kinematics: Types of fluid flow – Continuity equation in two and three dimensions – Velocity and Acceleration of fluid particle – Velocity potential function and Stream function. Fluid dynamics: Euler's equation along a streamline –Bernoulli's equation and applications – Venturi meter, Orifice meter and Pitot tube.

UNIT III

VISCOUS FLOW, FLOW THROUGH PIPES AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

12

Viscous flow: Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship – Flow of viscous fluid through circular pipe – Flow through pipes: Loss of head due to friction – Minor head losses – Hydraulic gradient and Total energy lines – Flow through pipes in series and in parallel – Power transmission through pipes. Dimensional analysis: Buckingham's theorem.

UNIT IV

BASICS OF THERMODYNAMICS AND FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

12

Thermodynamics – Microscopic and macroscopic point of view – Systems, properties, process, path, cycle. Thermodynamic equilibrium – Zeroth law of Thermodynamics – internal energy, enthalpy, specific heat capacities CV and CP, Relationship between CV and CP. First law of Thermodynamics – Application to closed and open systems – Steady Flow Energy Equation (SFEE) – Simple problems.

UNIT V

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND ENTROPY

12

Second Law of thermodynamics – Kelvin Planck and Clausius Statements – Equivalents of Kelvin Planck and Clausius statements. Reversibility – Irreversibility, reversible cycle – Heat engine, heat pump and refrigerator. Carnot cycle and Clausius theorem, the property of entropy, the inequality of Clausius – Entropy principle – General expression for entropy – Simple problems in entropy.

TOTAL: 60 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: At the end of the course, the student able to:
CO1: Recognize the fluid properties, fluid statics and laws of thermodynamics
CO2: Interpret the problems related to kinematics and dynamics of fluids and thermal systems
CO3: Review the energy losses in flow through pipes and steady flow equation in thermal systems.
CO4: Analyse the fluid flow and thermal process CO5: Solve the problems related to fluid and thermal systems.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Bansal R.K., ―Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines‖, 9th Edition, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2015.

REFERENCES:
1. Nag P.K., ―Engineering Thermodynamics‖, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2013.
2. Cengel Yunus A. and Boles Michael A., ―Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach‖, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.
3. Frank M. White., ―Fluid Mechanics‖, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2009.