## PC3351 Syllabus - Fluid Mechanics For Petrochemical Technologists - 2021 Regulation Anna University

PC3351

FLUID MECHANICS FOR PETROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGISTS

LPTC

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To impart to the student knowledge on fluid properties, fluid statics, dynamic characteristics for through pipes and porous medium.
• To impart flow measurement and fluid machineries.

UNIT I

PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS AND CONCEPT OF PRESSURE

9

Introduction – Physical properties of fluids – Types of fluids – Fluid statics and its applications - Hydrostatic equilibrium – Pressure measurement - Rheological properties of fluids.

UNIT II

MOMEMTUM BALANCE AND ITS APPLICATIONS

9

Basic equation of fluid flow –Mass balance in a flowing fluid; continuity- Differential momentum balance; Equations of motion - macroscopic momentum balances -Bernoulli's equation – Correction for fluid friction – Correction for pump work - Velocity potential - Reynolds experiment and significance.

UNIT III

DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

9

The principle of dimensional homogeneity – dimensional analysis, Rayleigh method and the Pi theorem - non-dimensional action of the basic equations - similitude – relationship between dimensional analysis and similitude.

UNIT IV

FLOW OF INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS THROUGH DUCTS

9

Flow of incompressible fluids in pipes – Shear stress and skin friction in pipes -laminar flow in pipes and channels –Velocity profile and friction factor for smooth and rough pipes – Loss due to friction in pipes and Fittings – Fluidization – Mechanism – Types – General properties – Applications. Flow past immersed bodies, Drag and Drag coefficient, Flow through beds of solids – Ergun's Equation.

UNIT V

TRANSPORTATION AND METERING

9

Measurement of fluid flow – Orifice meter – Venturimeter – Rotameter – Weirs and notches – Transportation of fluids – Positive displacement pumps – Rotary and Reciprocating pumps – Centrifugal pumps – Performance and characteristics.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES:
CO1:Understand the fundamental properties of fluids, stress-strain relationship in fluids, and its characteristics under static conditions and establish force balance in static systems.
CO2: Apply Bernouli principle, Navier - Stokes equation and compute pressure variation in static fluid.
CO3: Use of dimensional analysis to derive relationships among process or system variables. Further they would develop dimensionless roups that help in scale-up studies.
CO4: Understand the different types of flow conditions in fixed bed and fluidized beds.
CO5: Describe function of flow metering devices, apply Bernoulli equation to determine the performance of flow-metering devices and also analyze the performance aspects of fluid machinery such as pumps.
CO6:Understand the impact of technology change and also develop responsibilities to the professional engineering practices.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Noel de Nevers, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers “, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill, (1991).
2. Munson, B. R., Young, D.F., Okiishi, T.H. “Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics”, 5th Edition“, John Wiley, 2006. 57
3. McCabe W.L, Smith, J C and Harriot. P “Unit operations in Chemical Engineering”, McGraw Hill, VII Edition, 2005

REFERENCES:
1. White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics “, IV Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1999.
2. James O Wilkes and Stacy G Bike, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers’ Prentice Hall PTR (International series in Chemical Engineering) (1999)