AR3401 Syllabus - Regional And Vernacular Built Environments In India - 2021 Regulation Anna University

AR3401 Syllabus - Regional And Vernacular Built Environments In India - 2021 Regulation Anna University

AR3401

REGIONAL AND VERNACULAR BUILT ENVIRONMENTS IN INDIA

 L T P/S C

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To introduce the nature of evolution/ determinants of human settlements
• To give an understanding of regional manifestations in settlements and architecture as evolving from contextual forces
• To give familiarity to the methods and approaches for the study of regional/ vernacular built environment.
• To study the important manifestations of regional/ vernacular architecture and settlements in different regions of India

UNIT I

HUMAN SETTLEMENTS AND THEIR DETERMINANTS

7

Determinants of morphology of human settlements – climate, culture, socio-economic aspects, geography, etc, Differentiating between rural and urban settlements. Overview of settlement evolution in India. Relation between settlement morphology and architecture. Discussion of the terms traditional architecture, regional architecture, indigenous architecture, vernacular architecture, etc.,

UNIT II

STUDY OF VERNACULAR/ REGIONAL ARCHITECTURE

8

Vernacular/ regional architecture as a process and responsive design. Concepts, approaches, survey and study of vernacular/ regional architecture -aesthetic, architectural, anthropological, etc., General aspects to be studied in vernacular/ regional architecture of India –climatic response, forms, spatial planning, socio-cultural aspects, symbolism, colour, art, materials of construction and construction technique, etc.,

UNIT III

SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY AND REGIONAL ARCHITECTURE OF GUJARAT AND RAJASTHAN

10

Determinants and morphology of rural and urban settlements in Gujarat. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Gujarat as particular productions. Determinants and morphology of rural and urban settlements in Rajasthan. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Rajasthan as particular productions.

UNIT IV

SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY AND REGIONAL ARCHITECTURE OFKASHMIR AND BENGAL

10

Determinants and morphology of settlements in Kashmir. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Kashmir as particular productions. Determinants and morphology of settlements in Bengal. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Bengal as particular productions. Colonial and modern influences.

UNIT V

SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY AND REGIONAL ARCHITECTURE OF TAMILNADU AND KERALA

10

Determinants and morphology of settlements in Kerala. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Kashmir as particular productions. Determinants and morphology of rural and urban settlements in Tamil Nadu. Vernacular/ regional architecture of Tamil Nadu as particular productions. Colonial and modern influences.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES:: Upon completion of the course, students will be able to
 An understanding of the built environment as a process and knowledge of its determinants.  Ability to analyse built environment through the knowledge of approaches to its study.  Knowledge of settlement morphologies and regional/ vernacular architecture in specific regions of India.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Bernard Rudofsky, 'Architecture without Architects', University of New Mexico Press, 1987. 2. Paul Oliver, 'Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World', Routledge, 2007. 3. Amos Rapoport, 'House, Form and Culture', Prentice Hall Inc. 1969. 4. Carmen Kagal, 'Vistara- The Architecture of India', The Festival of India, 1986.

REFERENCES:
1. Kosambi D.D, 'The Culture and Civilisation of Ancient India in Historical Outline', Vikas,1997. 2. R W Brunskill, 'Illustrated Handbook on Vernacular Architecture', Faber and Faber, 2000. 3. V.S. Pramar, 'Haveli – Wooden Houses and Mansions of Gujarat', Mapin, 1989. 4. Kulbushanshan Jain and Minakshi Jain, 'Mud Architecture of the Indian Desert', Aadi Centre, Ahmadabad, 1992. 5. G.H.R. Tillotson, 'The Tradition of Indian Architecture: Continuity, Controversy, Change since 1850', Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1989. 6. S. Muthiah et al, 'The Chettiar Heritage', Chettiar Heritage, 2017. 7. Weber. W and Yannas. S, 'Lessons from Vernacular Architecture', Routledge, 2014.

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