## EC3492 Syllabus - Digital Signal Processing - 2021 Regulation Anna University

EC3492

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

LTPC

3024

OBJECTIVES:
• To learn discrete fourier transform, properties of DFT and its application to linear filtering
• To understand the characteristics of digital filters, design digital IIR and FIR filters and apply these filters to filter undesirable signals in various frequency bands
• To understand the effects of finite precision representation on digital filters
• To understand the fundamental concepts of multi rate signal processing and its applications
• To introduce the concepts of adaptive filters and its application to communication engineering

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UNIT I

DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM

9

Sampling Theorem, concept of frequency in discrete-time signals, summary of analysis & synthesis equations for FT & DTFT, frequency domain sampling, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT) - deriving DFT from DTFT, properties of DFT - periodicity, symmetry, circular convolution. Linear filtering using DFT. Filtering long data sequences - overlap save and overlap add method. Fast computation of DFT - Radix-2 Decimation-in-time (DIT) Fast Fourier transform (FFT), Decimation-in-frequency (DIF) Fast Fourier transform (FFT). Linear filtering using FFT.

UNIT II

INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERS

9

Characteristics of practical frequency selective filters. characteristics of commonly used analog filters - Butterworth filters, Chebyshev filters. Design of IIR filters from analog filters (LPF, HPF, BPF, BRF) - Approximation of derivatives, Impulse invariance method, Bilinear transformation. Frequency 81 transformation in the analog domain. Structure of IIR filter - direct form I, direct form II, Cascade, parallel realizations.

UNIT III

FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERS

9

Design of FIR filters - symmetric and Anti-symmetric FIR filters - design of linear phase FIR filters using Fourier series method - FIR filter design using windows (Rectangular, Hamming and Hanning window), Frequency sampling method. FIR filter structures - linear phase structure, direct form realizations

UNIT IV

FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS

9

Fixed point and floating point number representation - ADC - quantization - truncation and rounding - quantization noise - input / output quantization - coefficient quantization error - product quantization error - overflow error - limit cycle oscillations due to product quantization and summation - scaling to prevent overflow.

UNIT V

DSP APPLICATIONS

9

Multirate signal processing: Decimation, Interpolation, Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor – Adaptive Filters: Introduction, Applications of adaptive filtering to equalization-DSP ArchitectureFixed and Floating point architecture principles

45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course students will be able to:
CO1: Apply DFT for the analysis of digital signals and systems
CO2: Design IIR and FIR filters
CO3: Characterize the effects of finite precision representation on digital filters
CO4: Design multirate filters CO5:Apply adaptive filters appropriately in communication systems

TEXT BOOKS:
1. John G. Proakis and Dimitris G.Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and Applications, Fourth Edition, Pearson Education / Prentice Hall, 2007.
2. A. V. Oppenheim, R.W. Schafer and J.R. Buck, ―Discrete-Time Signal Processing”, 8th Indian Reprint, Pearson, 2004

REFERENCES:
1. Emmanuel C. Ifeachor & Barrie. W. Jervis, “Digital Signal Processing”, Second Edition, Pearson Education / Prentice Hall, 2002.
2. Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing – A Computer Based Approach”, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2007.
3. Andreas Antoniou, “Digital Signal Processing”, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2006.