SF3401 Syllabus - Occupational Health And Hygiene - 2021 Regulation Anna University

SF3401 Syllabus - Occupational Health And Hygiene - 2021 Regulation Anna University

SF3401

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND HYGIENE

 LTPC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• Anticipate, recognize, evaluate and control hazardous conditions and practices affecting people, property and the environment
• Communicate and interact effectively with technical and non-technical audiences
• Integrate ethical, social, current, and global issues and responsibilities in their practice as a professional in the field.
• Work individually or on a team to critically analyze, interpret, and provide leadership to address and manage problems in occupational safety and health
• Recognize that the practice of occupational safety and health requires ongoing learning, and undertake appropriate activities to address this need

UNIT I

OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD AND CONTROL PRINCIPLES

9

Concept and spectrum of health- functional units and activities of occupational health services occupational and work related disease- Levels of prevention of diseases - notifiable occupational diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis, pneumoconiosis, and anthrax - Lead-Nickel, chromium and manganese toxicity- gas poisoning (such as CO, ammonia, coal and dust ), their effects and prevention - Industrial toxicology - local and systemic and chronic effects, temporary and cumulative effects - threshold limit values, calculation of TLVs - carcinogens, mutagens, teratogens. Instruments for Radiation detection and measurement. Early recognition of radiation hazard. Personal monitoring devices, Medical support. Hazards associated with the following radiations and preventive measuresLaser, infra-red, ultra violet and ELF

UNIT II

PHYSICAL HAZARD MEASUREMENT, EVALUATION AND CONTROL

9

Recognition, evaluation and control of physical hazards. Vibration - description and measurement of vibration. Vibration control methods. Effects of whole body vibration on human body and control measures. Noise- noise measurement, evaluation, noise control methods -hearing loss - causes - Biological effects of noise exposure. Thermal stress - heat disorders and health effects such as heat exhaustion, hear cramp etc. WBGT index, acclimatization. Ventilation systems - purpose of ventilation-general principles ventilation requirements. Physiological and comfort level. Natural ventilation - Dilution ventilation - Mechanical ventilation - Local exhaust ventilation - Ventilation 73 measuring instruments. Fundamentals of hood and duct designs. Standards on ventilation. Purpose of lighting. Advantages of good illumination. Lighting and the work. Sources and kinds of artificial lighting principles of good illumination. Design of lighting installation. Maintenance. Lighting and colour. Standards on lighting and illuminations.


UNIT III

PRINCIPLES OF FIRST AID

9

First Aid principles-Role of the first aider-sequence of action on arrival at scene. Vital signs-breathing - pulse. Introduction to the body-basic anatomical terms-body cavities-head- cranium - thorax- abdomen and pelvis. Biomechanics - Structure and functions of musculoskeletal systems, tendons, ligaments, facia, bone, muscles, joints and basic mechanisms. Fainting-recognition management-aftercare. Diabetes – hypoglycaemia – hyper glycaemia- management. Seizures (epileptic fits, convulsions) features- management, stroke. Head injuries-fractures of the base vault and sides of skull.

UNIT IV

FIRST-AID PRACTICE IN INDUSTRY

9

The circulatory system-heat attack-chest compression- CPR. Shock -causes - signs and symptoms - management of shock. Eye-eye injuries-foreign body in eye-eye trauma-corrosive chemical in eyearc eye.Wounds -bleeding-classification-types of wounds-case of wounds- bleeding from special sites. Fractures- classification of fractures-principles of immobilisation- sprains and dislocation. Broad and narrow fold bandages-hand bandages-slings. The skin Poisoning. Physical fitness. Lifting -casualty handling. Use of stretchers

UNIT V

OCCUPATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS

9

Elements of Industrial Psychology-Mental Health in Industries- Organisational Behaviour, Motivational Theory, Job Satisfaction Value system, Habits, Drug Abuse-Alcoholism in Industry, Communications, Psychological Hazards - Workplace Stress- General Adaptation Syndrome Eustress –Distress Diseases/Disorders related to Work stress- Psychosomatic disorders. Managing Work-stress in industry- Individual responsibilities - Employers Responsibilities. Psychological Counseling of employees- Employees Assistance Programme, Behaviour based Safety.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: Students able to
CO 1 An ability to identify, formulate, and solve broadly defined technical or scientific problems by applying knowledge of mathematics and science and/or technical topics to areas relevant to occupational safety and health.
CO 2 An ability to develop and conduct experiments or test hypotheses, analyze and interpret data and use scientific judgment to draw conclusions.
CO 3 An ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences.
CO 4 An ability to understand ethical and professional responsibilities and the impact of technical and/or scientific solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts.
CO 5 An ability to function effectively on teams that establish goals, plan tasks, meet deadlines, and analyze risk and uncertainty.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Goetsch D.L., (1999), Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers and Managers, Prentice Hall. 2. Slote. L, Handbook of Occupational Safety and Health, John Willey and Sons, New York

REFERENCES:
1. Fundamentals of Industrial Hygiene. 5th Ed. Plog, Barbara and Patricia Quinlain. Chicago, IL: National Safety Council, 2001.
2. The industrial environment - its evaluation and control. DHHS (NIOSH) publication number 74- 117, 1973.
3. Clayton, C.D. and Clayton, F. (1981). Patty´s industrial hygiene and toxicology. Wiley Inderscience, New York. 74
4. The Occupational Environment Its Evaluation and Control. 2nd Ed. Dinardi, Salvatore. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2003.
5. Australian and New Zealand master work health and safety guide by Cormack E. Dunn ISBN: 9781925397130 Publication Date: 3rd ed. 2018 Print only. Copies in High Use Collection JOO & BUN.

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