SF3402 Syllabus - Fire Engineering And Protection - 2021 Regulation Anna University

SF3402 Syllabus - Fire Engineering And Protection - 2021 Regulation Anna University

SF3402

FIRE ENGINEERING AND PROTECTION

 LTPC

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• Anticipate, identify and evaluate hazardous conditions and practices
• Develop hazard control designs, methods, procedures, and programs
• Illustrate the basic concepts and techniques of modern reliability engineering tools
• To provide the students an illustration of significance of the Fire Engineering profession in the protection life, property and environment.
• To understand the importance of life safety in building fire and method of evacuation.

UNIT I

PROPERTIES OF COMBUSTION

9

Introduction- temperature, heat, specific heat, flash point, fire point, ignition, combustion; Ignition- pilot ignition, spontaneous ignition, Types of combustion-rapid, spontaneous, explosion;. Development of fire- incipient, smoldering, flame and heat stages; Diffusion flames-zones of combustion, smoldering combustion,; Premixed flames-burning velocity, limits of flammability, explosion and expansion ratios, deflagration and detonation, characteristics of premixed flame; Explosion- physical explosion, chemical explosion; Special kinds of combustion- Flash fire, Pool fire, Deep seated fire, Spillover, Boil over, Dust explosion, BLEVE, UVCE; Classification of fire based on material.

UNIT II

BEHAVIOUR OF BUILDING ELEMENTS UNDER ACTION OF FIRE

9

Product of combustion-flame, heat, smoke, fire gases; spread of fire in rooms and buildings; Effect of heat exposure to human body Smoke - constituents of smoke, quantity and rate of production of smoke, quality of smoke, smoke density, visibility in smoke, smoke movement in buildings, modeling of smoke movement; Smoke control in buildings natural and mechanical ventilation, pressurization; Design principles of smoke control using pressurization technique; Principles of smoke vent design. Toxicity of smoke- effect of harmful agents preventing escape and causing injury or death - CO, CO2, HCN, SO2, NH3, Nitrogen oxide


UNIT III

OPERATION HANDLING AND MAINTENANCE OF FIRE SERVICE EQUIPMENTS AND ACCESSORIES

9

Introduction to fire fighting vehicles and appliances- Pumps, primers, crash tenders, rescue tenders, hose laying tenders, control vans, hydraulic platforms - Delivery Hose, Hose reel, Hose fittings- coupling, adapters, branches, branch holders, radial branches, collecting heads, stand pipe, monitors, hydrants;; Ladders- Uses and maintenance of small gear and miscellaneous equipments used during fire fighting; Lamps and lighting sets; Ropes and Lines- Types-wire and rope lines used in fire service. Use and testing of lines, knots, Bends and hitches; General rope work

UNIT IV

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

9

Fire stream-path, range; nozzles-types, calculation of discharge capacity, nozzle reaction; friction losses in pipes, fire hoses and fixtures, parallel and series connections; Flow in pipes and fire hoses, branching lines; water relay techniques; Estimation of fire protection water requirements, pump capacity and other parameters relating to fire hydraulics. Fire ground operations - preplanning, action on arrival and control, methods of rescue, methods of entry. Personnel safety. Control procedure and use of other safety equipment. Ventilation and salvage operations

UNIT V

FIRE SUPPRESSION & PROTECTION

9

Introduction, Definitions, Water as an extinguishing agent, Basic Components of a Fire Protection system, Classification of fire protection systems-Active & Passive: Active FPS Definitions, classifications- Water Based (Vs) Non water based & Fixed (Vs) Portable/Mobile, Types:- Fire Extinguishers, Fire hydrants, Sprinklers, standpipe systems, Fire detectors, water spray systems - definitions, types, operation, applications & limitations, selection, installation & maintenance as per relevant national and international standards(IS, OISD, NFPA etc)

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: Students able to
CO 1 Explain the basics of fire engineering.
CO 2 Classify the types of combustion and its products.
CO 3 Demonstrate the operation of fire service equipment’s and practical fire fighting.
CO 4 Categorize the buildings and design the evacuation methods CO 5 Apply acquired knowledge on real life problems

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Gupta, R.S., “Hand Book of Fire Technology” Orient Longman, Bombay 1977.
2. Barendra Mohan Sen, “Fire protection and prevention the essential handbook”. UBS Publishers' Distributors Pvt. Ltd, 2009.

REFERENCES:
1. Ron Hirst, “Underdowns Practical Fire Precautions”, Gower Publishing Company Ltd., England, 1989.
2. Jain V.K. “Fire safety in buildings” (2nd edn.). New Age International (P) Ltd., New Delhi.2010.
3. Barendra Mohan Sen,”Fire protection and prevention the essential handbook”, UBS publishers and Dist., New Delhi,2013.
4. “Jain V.K., “Fire Safety in Buildings”, New Age International (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 1996.
5. N F P A. Fire Protection Hand Book.20th Edition, 2008 78.
6. Michael F. Dennet, “Fire Investigation-A Practical Guide for Students and Officers, Insurance Investigators, Loss Adjusters and Police Officers”, Pergamon Press, Year: 1980

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