OTT353 Syllabus - Basics Of Textile Manufacture - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OTT353 Syllabus - Basics Of Textile Manufacture - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OTT353

BASICS OF TEXTILE MANUFACTURE

 L T P C

3003

OBJECTIVES:
• To enable the students to learn about the basics of fibre forming, yarn production, fabric formation, coloration of fabrics and garment manufacturing

UNIT I

NATURAL FIBRES

9

Introduction: Definition of staple fibre, filament; Classification of natural and man-made fibres, essential and desirable properties of fibres. Production and cultivation of Natural Fibers: Cultivation of cotton, production of silk (sericulture), wool and jute – physical and chemical structure of these fibres..

UNIT II

REGENERATED AND SYNTHETIC FIBRES

9

Production sequence of regenerated and modified cellulosic fibres: viscose rayon, Acetate Rayon, high wet modulus and high tenacity fibres; synthetic fibres – chemical structure, fibre forming polymers, production principles.


UNIT III

BASICS OF SPINNING

9

Spinning – principle of yarn formation, sequence of machines for yarn production with short staple fibres and blends, principles of opening and cleaning machines; yarn numbering - calculations

UNIT IV

BASICS OF WEAVING

9

Woven fabric – warp, weft, weaving, path of warp; looms – classification, handloom and its parts, powerloom, automatic looms, shuttleless looms, special type of looms; preparatory machines for weaving process and their objectives; basic weaving mechanism - primary, secondary and auxiliary mechanisms,

UNIT V

BASICS OF KNITTING AND NONWOVEN

9

Knitting – classification, principle, types of fabrics; nonwoven process –classification, principle, types of fabrics.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: On completion of this course, the students shall have the basic knowledge on
CO1: Classification of fibres and production of natural fibres
CO2: Regenerated and synthetic fibres
CO3: Yarn spinning
CO4: Weaving
CO5: Knitting and nonwoven

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Mishra S. P. , “A Text Book of Fibre Science and Technology”, New Age Publishers, 2000, ISBN: 8122412505
2. Marks R., and Robinson. T.C., “Principles of Weaving”, The Textile Institute, Manchester, 1989, ISBN: 0 900739 258.
3. Spencer D.J., “Knitting Technology”, III Ed., Textile Institute, Manchester, 2001, ISBN: 185573 333 1.

REFERENCES:
1. Hornberer M., Eberle H., Kilgus R., Ring W. and Hermeling H., “Clothing Technology: From Fibre to Fabric”, Europa LehrmittelVerlag, 2008, ISBN: 3808562250 / ISBN: 978- 3808562253.
2. Wynne A., “Motivate Series-Textiles”, Maxmillan Publications, London, 1997.
3. Carr H. and Latham B., “The Technology of Clothing Manufacture” Backwell Science, U.K., 1994, ISBN: 0632037482 / ISBN:13: 9780632037483.Klein W., “The Rieter Manual of Spinning, Vol.1”, Rieter Machine Works Ltd., Winterthur, 2014, ISBN 10 3-9523173-1-4 / ISBN 13 978-3-9523173-1-0.
4. Klein W., “The Rieter Manual of Spinning, Vol.2”, Rieter Machine Works Ltd., Winterthur, 2014, ISBN 10 3-9523173-2-2 / ISBN 13 978-3-9523173-2-7.
5. Klein W., “The Rieter Manual of Spinning, Vol.1-3”, Rieter Machine Works Ltd., Winterthur, 2014, ISBN 10 3-9523173-3-0 / ISBN 13 978-3-9523173-3-4.
6. Talukdar. M.K., Sriramulu. P.K., and Ajgaonkar. D.B., “Weaving: Machines, Mechanisms, Management”, Mahajan Publishers, Ahmedabad, 1998, ISBN: 81-85401-16-0.
7. Morton W. E., and Hearle J. W. S., “Physical Properties of Textile Fibres”, The Textile Institute, Washington D.C., 2008, ISBN 978-1-84569-220-95
8. Gohl E. P. G., “Textile Science”, CBS Publishers and distributors, 1987, ISBN 0582685958

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