OBT355 Syllabus - Biotechnology For Waste Management - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OBT355 Syllabus - Biotechnology For Waste Management - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OBT355

BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT

 L T P C

3003

UNIT I

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PROCESS

9

Fundamentals of biological process - Anaerobic process – Pretreatment methods in anaerobic process – Aerobic process, Anoxic process, Aerobic and anaerobic digestion of organic wastes - Factors affecting process efficiency - Solid state fermentation – Submerged fermentation – Batch and continous fermentation

UNIT II

WASTE BIOMASS AND ITS VALUE ADDITION

9

Types of waste biomass – Solid waste management - Nature of biomass feedstock – Biobased economy/process – Value addition of waste biomass – Biotransformation of biomass – Biotransformation of marine processing wastes – Direct extraction of biochemicals from biomass – Plant biomass for industrial application


UNIT III

BIOCONVERSION OF WASTES TO ENERGY

9

Perspective of biofuels from wastes - Bioethanol production – Biohydrogen Production – dark and photofermentative process - Biobutanol production – Biogas and Biomethane production - Single stage anaerobic digestion, Two stage anaerobic digestion - Biodiesel production - Enzymatic hydrolysis technologies

UNIT IV

CHEMICALS AND ENZYME PRODUCTION FROM WASTES

9

Production of lactic acid, succinic acid, citric acid – Biopolymer synthesis – Production of Amylases - Lignocellulolytic enzymes - Pectinolytic enzymes - Proteases – Lipases

UNIT V

BIOCOMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTES

9

Overview of composting process - Benefitis of composting, Role of microorganisms in composting - Factors affecting the composting process - Waste Materials for Composting, Fundamentals of composting process - Composting technologies, Composting systems – Nonreactor Composting, Reactor composting - Compost Quality

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: After completion of this course, the students should be able
1. To learn the various methods biological treatment
2. To know the details of waste biomass and its value addition
3. To develop the bioconversion processes to convert wastes to energy
4. To synthesize the chemicals and enzyme from wastes
5. To produce the biocompost from wastes
6. To apply the theoretical knowledge for the development of value added products

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Palmiro P. and Oscar F.D’Urso, (2016) ‘Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products’,The Food, Feed, Fibre, Fuel (4F) Economy, Elsevier
2. Kaur Brar S., Gurpreet Singh D. and Carlos R.S., (Eds), (2014)‘Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals’, Springer.
3. Keikhosro K, Editor, (2015) ‘Lignocellulose-Based Bioproducts’, Springer.
4. John P, (2014) ‘Waste Management Practices-Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial’, Second Edition, CRC Press, 2014

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Palmiro P. and Oscar F.D’Urso, (2016) ‘Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products’,The Food, Feed, Fibre, Fuel (4F) Economy, Elsevier
2. Kaur Brar S., Gurpreet Singh D. and Carlos R.S., (Eds), (2014)‘Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals’, Springer.
3. Keikhosro K, Editor, (2015) ‘Lignocellulose-Based Bioproducts’, Springer.
4. John P, (2014) ‘Waste Management Practices-Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial’, Second Edition, CRC Press, 2014

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