OPT353 Syllabus - Properties And Testing Of Plastics - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OPT353 Syllabus - Properties And Testing Of Plastics - 2021 Regulation - Open Elective | Anna University

OPT353

PROPERTIES AND TESTING OF PLASTICS

 L T P C

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To understand the relevance of standards and specifications as well as the specimen preparation for polymer testing.
• To study the mechanical properties and testing of polymer materials and their structural property relationships.
• To understand the thermal properties of polymers and their testing methods.
• To gain knowledge on the electrical and optical properties of polymers and their testing methods.
• To study about the environmental effects and prevent polymer degradation.

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION TO CHARACTERIZATION AND TESTING OF POLYMERS

9

Introduction- Standard organizations: BIS, ASTM, ISO, BS, DIN etc. Standards and specifications. Importance of standards in the quality control of polymers and polymer products. Preparation of test pieces, conditioning and test atmospheres. Tests on elastomers: processability parameters of rubbers – plasticity, Mooney viscosity, scorch time, cure time, cure rate index, Processability tests carried out on thermoplastics and thermosets: MFI, cup flow index, gel time, bulk density, bulk factor.

UNIT II

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

9

Mechanical properties: Tensile, compression, flexural, shear, tear strength, hardness, impact strength, resilience, abrasion resistance, creep and stress relaxation, compression set, dynamic fatigue, ageing properties, Basic concepts of stress and strain, short term tests: Viscoelastic behavior (simple models: Kelvin model for creep and stress relaxation, Maxwell-Voigt model, strain recovery and dynamic response), Effect of structure and composition on mechanical properties, Behavior of reinforced polymers


UNIT III

THERMAL RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

9

Thermal properties: Transition temperatures, specific heat, thermal conductivity, co-efficient of thermal expansion, heat deflection temperature, Vicat softening point, shrinkage, brittleness temperature, thermal stability and flammability. Product testing: Plastic films, sheeting, pipes, laminates, foams, containers, cables and tubes.

UNIT IV

ELECTRICAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

9

Electrical properties: volume and surface resistivity, dielectric strength, dielectric constant and power factor, arc resistance, tracking resistance, dielectric behavior of polymers (dielectric co- efficient, dielectric polarization), dissipation factor and its importance. Optical properties: transparency, refractive index, haze, gloss, clarity, birefringence.

UNIT V

ENVIRONMENTAL AND CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

9

Environmental stress crack resistance (ESCR), water absorption, weathering, aging, ozone resistance, permeability and adhesion. Tests for chemical resistance. Acids, alkalies, Flammability tests- oxygen index test.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES:
• Understand the relevance of standards and specifications.
• Summarize the various test methods for evaluating the mechanical properties of the polymers.
• To know the thermal, electrical & optical properties of polymers.
• Identify various techniques used for characterizing polymers.
• Distinguish the processability tests used for thermoplastics, thermosets and elastomers.

REFERENCES:
1. F.Majewska, H.Zowall, Handbook of analysis of synthetic polymers and plastics, Ellis Horwood Limited Publisher 1977.
2. J.F.Rabek, Experimental Methods in Polymer Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons 1980.
3. R.P.Brown, Plastic test methods, 2nd Edn., Harlond, Longman Scientific, 1981.
4. A. B. Mathur, I. S. Bharadwaj, Testing and Evaluation of Plastcis, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.
5. Vishu Shah, Handbook of Plastic Testing Technology, 3rd Edn., John Wiley & Sons 2007.
6. S. K. Nayak, S. N. Yadav, S. Mohanty, Fundamentals of Plastic Testing, Springer, 2010.

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