MX3085 Syllabus - Well-Being With Traditional Practices-Yoga, Ayurveda And Siddha - 2021 Regulation Anna University

MX3085 Syllabus - Well-Being With Traditional Practices-Yoga, Ayurveda And Siddha - 2021 Regulation Anna University

MX3085

WELL-BEING WITH TRADITIONAL PRACTICES-YOGA, AYURVEDA AND SIDDHA

 L T P C

3000

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To enjoy life happily with fun filled new style activities that help to maintain health also
• To adapt a few lifestyle changes that will prevent many health disorders
• To be cool and handbill every emotion very smoothly in every walk of life
• To learn to eat cost effective but healthy foods that are rich in essential nutrients
• To develop immunity naturally that will improve resistance against many health disorders

UNIT I

HEALTH AND ITS IMPORTANCE

2+4

Health: Definition - Importance of maintaining health - More importance on prevention than treatment Ten types of health one has to maintain - Physical health - Mental health - Social health - Financial health - Emotional health - Spiritual health - Intellectual health - Relationship health - Environmental health - Occupational/Professional heath.Present health status - The life expectancy-present status - mortality rate - dreadful diseases - Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) the leading cause of death - 60% - heart disease – cancer – diabetes - chronic pulmonary diseases - risk factors – tobacco – alcohol - unhealthy diet - lack of physical activities.Types of diseases and disorders - Lifestyle disorders – Obesity – Diabetes - Cardiovascular diseases – Cancer – Strokes – COPD - Arthritis - Mental health issues.Causes of the above diseases / disorders - Importance of prevention of illness - Takes care of health - Improves quality of life - Reduces absenteeism - Increase satisfaction - Saves timeSimple lifestyle modifications to maintain health - Healthy Eating habits (Balanced diet according to age) Physical Activities (Stretching exercise, aerobics, resisting exercise) - Maintaining BMI-Importance and actions to be taken

UNIT II

DIET

4+6

Role of diet in maintaining health - energy one needs to keep active throughout the day - nutrients one needs for growth and repair - helps one to stay strong and healthy - helps to prevent diet-related illness, such as some cancers - keeps active and - helps one to maintain a healthy weight - helps to reduce risk of developing lifestyle disorders like diabetes – arthritis – hypertension – PCOD – infertility – ADHD – sleeplessness -helps to reduce the risk of heart diseases - keeps the teeth and bones strong. Balanced Diet and its 7 Components - Carbohydrates – Proteins – Fats – Vitamins – Minerals - Fibre and Water. Food additives and their merits & demerits - Effects of food additives - Types of food additives - Food additives and processed foods - Food additives and their reactions Definition of BMI and maintaining it with diet Importance - Consequences of not maintaining BMI - different steps to maintain optimal BM Common cooking mistakes Different cooking methods, merits and demerits of each method


UNIT III

ROLE OF AYURVEDA & SIDDHA SYSTEMS IN MAINTAINING HEALTH

4+4

AYUSH systems and their role in maintaining health - preventive aspect of AYUSH - AYUSH as a soft therapy. Secrets of traditional healthy living - Traditional Diet and Nutrition - Regimen of Personal and Social Hygiene - Daily routine (Dinacharya) - Seasonal regimens (Ritucharya) - basic sanitation and healthy living environment - Sadvritta (good conduct) - for conducive social life. Principles of Siddha & Ayurveda systems - Macrocosm and Microcosm theory - Pancheekarana Theory / (Five Element Theory) 96 fundamental Principles - Uyir Thathukkal (Tri-Dosha Theory) - Udal Thathukkal Prevention of illness with our traditional system of medicine Primary Prevention - To decrease the number of new cases of a disorder or illness - Health promotion/education, and - Specific protective measures - Secondary Prevention - To lower the rate of established cases of a disorder or illness in the population (prevalence) - Tertiary Prevention - To decrease the amount of disability associated with an existing disorder.

UNIT IV

MENTAL WELLNESS

3+4

Emotional health - Definition and types - Three key elements: the subjective experience - the physiological response - the behavioral response - Importance of maintaining emotional health - Role of emotions in daily life -Short term and long term effects of emotional disturbances - Leading a healthy life with emotions - Practices for emotional health - Recognize how thoughts influence emotions - Cultivate positive thoughts - Practice self-compassion - Expressing a full range of emotions. Stress management - Stress definition - Stress in daily life - How stress affects one’s life - Identifying the cause of stress - Symptoms of stress - Managing stress (habits, tools, training, professional help) - Complications of stress mismanagement. Sleep - Sleep and its importance for mental wellness - Sleep and digestion. Immunity - Types and importance - Ways to develop immunity

UNIT V

YOGA

2+12

Definition and importance of yoga - Types of yoga - How to Choose the Right Kind for individuals according to their age - The Eight Limbs of Yoga - Simple yogasanas for cure and prevention of health disorders - What yoga can bring to our life.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: After completing the course, the students will be able to:
CO1: Learn the importance of different components of health
CO2: Gain confidence to lead a healthy life
CO3: Learn new techniques to prevent lifestyle health disorders
CO4: Understand the importance of diet and workouts in maintaining health

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Nutrition and Dietetics - Ashley Martin, Published by White Word Publications, New York, NY 10001, USA
2. Yoga for Beginners_ 35 Simple Yoga Poses to Calm Your Mind and Strengthen Your Body, by Cory Martin, Copyright © 2015 by Althea Press, Berkeley, California

REFERENCES:
1. WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE How It Affects Learning, Work, Relationships, and Our Mental Health, by Moshe Zeidner, Gerald Matthews, and Richard D. Roberts A Bradford Book, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England
2. The Mindful Self-Compassion Workbook, Kristin Neff, Ph.D Christopher Germer, Ph.D, Published by The Guilford Press A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc.370 Seventh Avenue, Suite 1200, New York, NY 10001
1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4799645/
2. Simple lifestyle modifications to maintain health https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diet-nutrition/changing-habits-better- health#:~:text=Make%20your%20new%20healthy%20habit,t%20have%20time%20to%20co ok.
3. Read more: https://www.legit.ng/1163909-classes-food-examples-functions.html
4. https://www.yaclass.in/p/science-state-board/class-9/nutrition-and-health-5926
5. Benefits of healthy eating https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/resources-publications/benefits-of- healthy-eating.html
6. Food additives https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/food- additives
7. BMI https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/healthy-weight/ https://www.who.int/europe/news-room/fact-sheets/item/a-healthy-lifestyle---who- recommendations
8. Yoga https://www.healthifyme.com/blog/types-of-yoga/ https://yogamedicine.com/guide-types-yoga-styles/ Ayurveda : https://vikaspedia.in/health/ayush/ayurveda-1/concept-of-healthy-living-in- ayurveda
9. Siddha : http://www.tkdl.res.in/tkdl/langdefault/Siddha/Sid_Siddha_Concepts.asp
10. CAM : https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/376327/
11. Preventive herbs : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3847409/

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