CME360 Syllabus - Bioenergy Conversion Technologies - 2021 Regulation Anna University

CME360 Syllabus - Bioenergy Conversion Technologies - 2021 Regulation Anna University

CME360

BIOENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES

 L T P C

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
1 To elucidate on biomass, types, availability, and characteristics
2 To study the bio-methanation process.
3 To impart knowledge on combustion of biofuels
4 To describe on the significance of equivalence ratio on thermochemical conversion of biomass
5 To provide insight to the possibilities of producing liquid fuels from biomass

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

9

Biomass: types – advantages and drawbacks – typical characteristics – proximate & ultimate analysis – comparison with coal - Indian scenario - carbon neutrality – biomass assessment studies – typical conversion mechanisms - densification technologies

UNIT II

BIOMETHANATION

9

Biomethenation process – influencing parameters – typical feed stocks – Biogas plants: types and design, Biogas appliances – burner, luminaries and power generation systems – Industrial effluent based biogas plants.


UNIT III

COMBUSTION

9

Perfect, complete and incomplete combustion – stoichiometric air requirement for biofuels - equivalence ratio – fixed Bed and fluid Bed combustion

UNIT IV

GASIFICATION, PYROLYSIS AND CARBONISATION

9

Chemistry of gasification - types – comparison – typical application – performance evaluation – economics. Pyrolysis - Classification - process governing parameters – Typical yield rates. Carbonization – merits of carbonized fuels – techniques adopted for carbonisation

UNIT V

LIQUIFIED BIOFUELS

9

Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) as fuel - Biodiesel production from oil seeds, waste oils and algae - Process and chemistry - Biodiesel Vs. Diesel – comparison on emission and performance fronts. Production of alcoholic fuels (methanol and ethanol) from biomass – engine modifications

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course the students would be able to
1. Estimate the surplus biomass availability of any given area.
2. Design a biogas plant for a variety of biofuels.
3. Determine and compare the cost of steam generation from biofuels with that of coal and petroleum fuels.
4. Analyse the influence of process governing parameters in thermochemical conversion of biomass.
5. Synthesize liquid biofuels for power generation from biomass.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials, by Nidhi Adlakha, Rakesh Bhatnagar , Syed Shams Yazdani, CRC Press; 1st edition (22 October 2021), ISBN-10 : 0367745550
2. Bioenergy and Biochemical Processing Technologies, by Augustine O. Ayeni, Samuel EshorameSanni , Solomon U. Oranusi, Springer (30 June 2022).

REFERENCES:
1. David Boyles, Bio Energy Technology Thermodynamics and costs, Ellis Hoknood Chichester,1984.
2. Iyer PVR et al, Thermochemical Characterization of Biomass, M N E S
3. Khandelwal KC, Mahdi SS, Biogas Technology – A Practical Handbook, Tata McGraw Hill, 1986
4. Mahaeswari, R.C. Bio Energy for Rural Energisation, Concepts Publication,1997
5. Tom B Reed, Biomass Gasification – Principles and Technology, Noyce Data Corporation, 1981

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