## CME386 Syllabus - Gas Dynamics And Jet Propulsion - 2021 Regulation Anna University

CME386

GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION

L T P C

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
1 To study the fundamentals of compressible flow concepts and the use of gas tables.
2 To learn the compressible flow behaviour in constant area ducts.
3 To study the development of shock waves and its effects.
4 To study the types of jet engines and their performance parameters.
5 To learn the types of rocket engines and their performance parameters.

UNIT I

BASIC CONCEPTS AND ISENTROPIC FLOWS

9

Energy and momentum equations of compressible fluid flows, Concepts of compressible flow – Mach waves and Mach cone. Flow regimes, effect of Mach number on compressibility. Stagnation, static, critical properties and their interrelationship. Isentropic flow and its relations. Isentropic flow through variable area ducts – nozzles and diffusers. Use of Gas tables.

UNIT II

COMPRESSIBLE FLOW THROUGH DUCTS

9

Flows through constant area ducts with heat transfer (Rayleigh flow) and Friction (Fanno flow) – variation of flow properties. Choking. Isothermal flow with friction. Use of Gas tables.

UNIT III

NORMAL AND OBLIQUE SHOCKS

9

Governing equations - Rankine-Hugoniot Relation. Variation of flow parameters across the normal and oblique shocks. Prandtl – Meyer expansion and relation. Use of Gas tables.

UNIT IV

JET PROPULSION

9

Theory of jet propulsion – thrust equation – Performance parameters - thrust, power and efficiency. Operation, cycle analysis and performance of ram jet, turbojet, turbofan, turbo prop and pulse jet engines.

UNIT V

SPACE PROPULSION

9

Types of rocket engines and propellants. Characteristic velocity – thrust equation. Theory of single and multistage rocket propulsion. Liquid fuel feeding systems. Solid propellant geometries. Orbital and escape velocity. Rocket performance calculations.

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course the students would be able to
1. Apply the fundamentals of compressible flow concepts and the use of gas tables.
2. Analyze the compressible flow behaviour in constant area ducts.
3. Analyze the development of shock waves and its effects.
4. Explain the types of jet engines and their performance parameters.
5. Explain the types of rocket engines and their performance parameters.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Anderson, J.D., “Modern Compressible flow”, Third Edition, McGraw Hill, 2003.
2. S.M. Yahya, “Fundamentals of Compressible Flow with Aircraft and Rocket propulsion”, New Age International (P) Limited, 4th Edition, 2012.

REFERENCES:
1. R. D. Zucker and O Biblarz, “Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics”, 2nd edition, Wiley, 2011.
2. Balachandran, P., “Fundamentals of Compressible Fluid Dynamics”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2007.
3. Radhakrishnan, E., “Gas Dynamics”, Printice Hall of India, 2006.
4. Hill and Peterson, “Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion”, Addison – Wesley, 1965.
5. Babu, V., “Fundamentals of Compressible Flow”, CRC Press, 1st Edition, 2008.