## PTCB3491 Syllabus - Cryptography And Cyber Security - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCB3491

CRYPTOGRAPHY AND CYBER SECURITY

L T P C

3003

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• Learn to analyze the security of in-built cryptosystems.
• Know the fundamental mathematical concepts related to security.
• Develop cryptographic algorithms for information security.
• Comprehend the various types of data integrity and authentication schemes
• Understand cyber crimes and cyber security.

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION TO SECURITY

9

Computer Security Concepts – The OSI Security Architecture – Security Attacks – Security Services and Mechanisms – A Model for Network Security – Classical encryption techniques: Substitution techniques, Transposition techniques, Steganography – Foundations of modern cryptography: Perfect security – Information Theory – Product Cryptosystem – Cryptanalysis.

UNIT II

SYMMETRIC CIPHERS

9

Number theory – Algebraic Structures – Modular Arithmetic - Euclid‘s algorithm – Congruence and matrices – Group, Rings, Fields, Finite Fields SYMMETRIC KEY CIPHERS: SDES – Block Ciphers – DES, Strength of DES – Differential and linear cryptanalysis – Block cipher design principles – Block cipher mode of operation – Evaluation criteria for AES – Pseudorandom Number Generators – RC4 – Key distribution.

UNIT III

ASYMMETRIC CRYPTOGRAPHY

9

MATHEMATICS OF ASYMMETRIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY: Primes – Primality Testing – Factorization – Euler’s totient function, Fermat’s and Euler’s Theorem – Chinese Remainder Theorem – Exponentiation and logarithm ASYMMETRIC KEY CIPHERS: RSA cryptosystem – Key distribution – Key management – Diffie Hellman key exchange -– Elliptic curve arithmetic – Elliptic curve cryptography.

UNIT IV

INTEGRITY AND AUTHENTICATION ALGORITHMS

9

Authentication requirement – Authentication function – MAC – Hash function – Security of hash function: HMAC, CMAC – SHA – Digital signature and authentication protocols – DSS – Schnorr Digital Signature Scheme – ElGamal cryptosystem – Entity Authentication: Biometrics, Passwords, Challenge Response protocols – Authentication applications – Kerberos MUTUAL TRUST: Key management and distribution – Symmetric key distribution using symmetric and asymmetric encryption – Distribution of public keys – X.509 Certificates.

UNIT V

CYBER CRIMES AND CYBER SECURITY

9

Cyber Crime and Information Security – classifications of Cyber Crimes – Tools and Methods – Password Cracking, Keyloggers, Spywares, SQL Injection – Network Access Control – Cloud Security – Web Security – Wireless Security

TOTAL: 45 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES:
CO1: Understand the fundamentals of networks security, security architecture, threats and vulnerabilities
CO2: Apply the different cryptographic operations of symmetric cryptographic algorithms
CO3: Apply the different cryptographic operations of public key cryptography
CO4: Apply the various Authentication schemes to simulate different applications.
CO5: Understand various cyber crimes and cyber security.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. William Stallings, "Cryptography and Network Security - Principles and Practice", Seventh Edition, Pearson Education, 2017.
2. Nina Godbole, Sunit Belapure, “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, First Edition, Wiley India, 2011.

REFERENCES:
1. Behrouz A. Ferouzan, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay, "Cryptography and Network Security", 3rd Edition, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2015.
2. Charles Pfleeger, Shari Pfleeger, Jonathan Margulies, "Security in Computing", Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 2015.