PTCEC370 Syllabus - Low Power Ic Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCEC370 Syllabus - Low Power Ic Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCEC370

LOW POWER IC DESIGN

 L T P C

2023

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
• To learn the fundamentals of low power low voltage VLSI design.
• To understand the impact of power on system performances.
• To understand the different design approaches.
• To develop the low power low voltage memories

UNIT I

FUNDAMENTALS OF LOW POWER CIRCUITS

6

Need for Low Power Circuit Design, Sources of Power Dissipation – Switching Power Dissipation, Short Circuit Power Dissipation, Leakage Power Dissipation, Glitching Power Dissipation, Short Channel Effects –Drain Induced Barrier Lowering and Punch Through, Surface Scattering, Velocity Saturation, Impact Ionization, Hot Electron Effect.

UNIT II

LOW-POWER DESIGN APPROACHES

6

Low-Power Design through Voltage Scaling: VTCMOS circuits, MTCMOS circuits, Architectural Level Approach –Pipelining and Parallel Processing Approaches. Switched Capacitance Minimization Approaches: System Level Measures, Circuit Level Measures, Mask level Measures.

UNIT III

LOW-VOLTAGE LOW-POWER ADDERS

6

Introduction, Standard Adder Cells, CMOS Adder’s Architectures – Ripple Carry Adders, Carry Look-Ahead Adders, Carry Select Adders, Carry Save Adders, LowVoltage Low Power Design Techniques –Trends of Technology and Power Supply Voltage, LowVoltage Low-Power Logic Styles.

UNIT IV

LOW-VOLTAGE LOW-POWER MULTIPLIERS

6

Introduction, Overview of Multiplication, Types of Multiplier Architectures, Braun Multiplier, Baugh-Wooley Multiplier, Booth Multiplier, Introduction to Wallace Tree Multiplier

UNIT V

LOW-VOLTAGE LOW-POWER MEMORIES

6

Basics of ROM, Low-Power ROM Technology, Future Trend and Development of ROMs, Basics of SRAM, Memory Cell, Precharge and Equalization Circuit, LowPower SRAM Technologies, Basics of DRAM, Self-Refres Circuit, Future Trend and Development of DRAM.

TOTAL: 30 PERIODS

PRACTICAL EXERCISES: 30 PERIODS
1. Modeling and sources of power consumption
2. Power estimation at different design levels (mainly circuit, transistor, and gate)
3. Power optimization for combinational circuits
4. Power optimization for sequential circuits
5. Power optimization for RT and algorithmic levels.

TOTAL: 60 PERIODS

COURSE OUTCOMES: Upon successful completion of the course the student will be able to
CO1: Understand the fundamentals of Low power circuit design.
CO2: Attain the knowledge of architectural approaches.
CO3: Analyze and design Low-Voltage Low-Power combinational circuits.
CO4: Learn the design of Low-Voltage Low-Power Memories
CO5: Design and develop Low Power, Low Voltage Circuits

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Sung-Mo Kang, Yusuf Leblebici, “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits – Analysis and Design”, TMH, 2011.
2. Kiat-Seng Yeo, Kaushik Roy, “Low-Voltage, Low-Power VLSI Subsystems”, TMH Professional Engineering, 2004.

REFERENCES:
1. Ming-BO Lin, “Introduction to VLSI Systems: A Logic, Circuit and System Perspective”, CRC Press, 2012.
2. Anantha Chandrakasan, “Low Power CMOS Design”, IEEE Press, /Wiley International, 1998
3. Kaushik Roy, Sharat C. Prasad, “Low Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design”, John Wiley, & Sons, 2000.
4. Gary K. Yeap, “Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design”, Kluwer Academic Press, 2002
5. Bellamour, M. I. Elamasri, “Low Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design”, A Kluwer Academic Press, 1995.
6. Siva G. Narendran, Anatha Chandrakasan, “Leakage in Nanometer CMOS Technologies”, Springer, 2005

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