PTCME356 Syllabus - Rotating Machinery Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCME356 Syllabus - Rotating Machinery Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCME356

ROTATING MACHINERY DESIGN

 L T P C

3 0 0 3

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
1. To familiarize the course member with various operations of gas turbines and other drivenrotating machines.
2. To familiarize students with the common problems associated with the mechanical designand the lifting of the major rotating components of the gas turbine engine.
3. To study the failure criteria of rotating machinery.
4. To learn the design of discs, blades for rotating machinery.
5. To study about blade vibrations Damage Mechanisms.

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

9

Overview of the different operational regimes for gas turbine applications: base load, peak load, standby and backup operations, alongside their individual operational requirements. Fundamentals of Creep and Fatigue damage mechanisms. Material, design and operational parameters that affect creep and fatigue. Experimental and test procedures to characterise creep and fatigue damage.

UNIT II

DESIGNING FORCES

9

Loads/forces/stresses in gas turbine engines: loads - rotational inertia, flight, precession of shafts, pressure gradient, torsion, seizure, blade release, engine mountings and bearings-Discussion of major loadings-rotating components and pressure casing components.

UNIT III

FAILURE CRITERIA

9

Monotonic failure criteria: proof, ultimate strength. Theories of failure - bi-axial loads. Other failure mechanisms - gas turbine engines including creep and fatigue. Fatigue properties - SN and RM diagrams. Stress concentration, mean stress, Cumulative fatigue, Goodman diagram and safety factor for gas turbine components. Larson-Miller time-temperature parameter.

UNIT IV

BLADE DESIGN

9

Design of discs, blades. Illustration of magnitude stresses in conventional axial flow blades- simple desk-top method -effects of leaning the blade. Design of flanges and bolted structures. Leakages through a flanged joint and failure from fatigue.

UNIT V

BLADE VIBRATIONS AND DAMAGE MECHANISMS

9

Natural frequencies turbomachine blades. Blade twist, centrifugal stiffening, Sources of blade excitation, Stationary flow disturbance, rotating stall and flutter. Campbell diagram and troublesome resonances.Allowances for temperature, pre-twist and centrifugal stiffening. Methods for dealing with resonances.

TOTAL:45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course the students would be able to
1. Differentiate the operational regimes and requirements related to different gas turbine applications.
2. Describe and distinguish the design requirements and loads encountered by gas turbine components during normal operation;
3. Analyse, evaluate and assess the loads, stresses, failure criteria and factors of safety used in gas turbine engines
4. Evaluate impact of vibrations on design and operation of gas turbine;
5. Assess the creep and fatigue damage of gas turbine components based on design and operational parameters

TEXT BOOKS:
1. A S Rangawala, Turbomachinery Dynamics-Design and operations, McGraw-Hill, 2005, ISBN-13: 978-0071453691.
2. Design, Modeling and Reliability in Rotating Machinery, Robert X. Perez (Editor) ISBN: 978-1- 119-63169-9

REFERENCES:
1. P.P Walsh and P. Peletcher, Gas Turbine Performance’ Blackwell Science, 1998, ISBN0632047843.
2. Turbines, Compressors & Fans S. M. Yahya Tata McGraw Hill Co. Ltd 2nd edition, 2002
3. Principals of Turbo machines D. G. Shepherd The Macmillan Company 1964
4. Fluid Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Turbo machines S. L. Dixon Elsevier 2005
5. Shaft Alignment Handbook (Mechanical Engineering) by John Piotrowski | 2 November 2006

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