PTCME357 Syllabus - Thermal And Fired Equipment Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCME357 Syllabus - Thermal And Fired Equipment Design - 2023 Regulation Anna University

PTCME357

THERMAL AND FIRED EQUIPMENT DESIGN

 L T P C

3 0 0 3

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
1. To introduce the concepts of thermal and fired equipment.
2. To study the basis, design and construction of boilers.
3. To study of typical fuel firing systems in the boiler.
4. To study of materials requirements for pressure parts.
5. To study of various boiler auxiliaries system.

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

9

Principal equipment in Thermal Power Plant, Historical developments of Boiler, Utility, Industrial boilers, Morden trends in boiler design , Basic knowledge of different types of Thermal Fired Equipment ,sub critical and super critical boilers - Coal , Oil ,Gas , Pulverised fuel cyclone, FBC, CFBC , MSW , and Stoker firing, Boiler efficiency , auxiliary power consumption , Performance data , Performance Correction Curves

UNIT II

BASIS OF BOILERS AND DESIGN

9

Codes- Design and Construction, IBR, ISO, ASME, BS, Heat balance diagram, Boiler parameters, Fuel analysis and variations, Site conditions, Furnace heat loadings, FOT, Plan area loading, Volumetric loading Balanced Draft and Pressurised Furnace, Natural / Controlled Circulation, Constant and Sliding Pressure, Boiler heat transfer surfaces, Flue gas velocities, boiler auxiliaries, Boiler schemes, Boiler Layouts

UNIT III

FIRING SYSTEM- FUEL AND MILLING

9

Coal / Oil / Natural Gas in any combination, Lignite, Blast Furnace Gas / Coke Oven Gas / Corex Gas Carbon Monoxide / Tail gas, Asphalt, Black Liquor, Bagasse, Rice Husk, Washery Rejects, Wheat / Rice straw MSW, wind box, Burner, Type of Stokers, Pulverisers - Bowl mill, Tube mill, Direct firing, Indirect firing, Wall firing (Turbulent / Vortex Burners), Tangential firing (Jet Burners), Fire Ball.

UNIT IV

PRESSURE PARTS AND DESIGN AND MATERIALS

9

Economiser, Drums , Water Walls , Headers , Links , Super Hater , Super Heaters , Reheaters, Tubes, Spiral Tubes , Surface area , Free Gas Area , Metal temperature , LMTD , Acid Due Point Temperature , Carbon steel , Low alloy steel , Titanium alloy steel

UNIT V

BOILER AUXILIARIES

9

Air preheaters (APH) – bi sector APH , Tri sector APH, Cold PA System, Hot PA System, Tubular APH, Steam coil Air preheater , FANS – Axial, Radial, Performance curves, MILLS- Tube , Vertical mills , Airquality Control systems ,DustCollection System - Mechanical Precipitator, Electrostatic Precipitator, FGD , SCR , SNCR

TOTAL:45 PERIODS

OUTCOMES: At the end of the course the students would be able to
1. Explain the concepts of thermal and fired equipment.
2. Discuss the basis, design and construction of boilers.
3. Describe of typical fuel firing systems in the boiler.
4. Discuss the materials requirements for pressure parts.
5. Discuss of various boiler auxiliaries system.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. A Course in Power Plant Engineering; Dhanapat Rai and Sons - Domkundwar
2. Power Plant Engineering by B. Vijaya Ramnath C. Elanchezhian, L. Saravanakumar

REFERENCES:
1. Elwakil M, Power Plant Technology, McGraw Hill, New York, 1964
2. Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers: For Process and Plant Engineers (Mechanical Engineering) by V. Ganapathy
3. Steam Generators: Description and Design by Donatello Annaratone
4. An Introduction to Coal and Wood Firing Steam Generators (Power Plants Engineering) by JPaul Guyer
5. Advances in Power Boilers (JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation) by Mamoru Ozawa and Hitoshi Asano | 28 January 2021

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